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  • ISSN: 2333-6641
    Volume 8, Issue 2
    Short Communication
    Anurakshat Gupta, Parli Raghavan Ravi* and Yama
    Background: Lithiatic disease in the pediatric age group in Afghanistan is a major problem facing the country. It’s a tremendous drain on its resources and aid. The lack of basic primary health care and hygiene coupled with problems of drinking water and dietary habits have led to an increase in incidence, whereas, all over the world incidences are going down.
    Methods: 96 children who reported to IMM Mazer-E- Sharif were taken into a prospective study over a period of a year. The clinical and laboratory evaluation of these children was done in an attempt to find a possible etiology and draft out the risk factors.
    Results: A high incidence of UTI, increased consumption of water, proteins and dietary fibers, increased oxalates and starchy food with Hyperoxalouria and Hypocitraturia were the most important biochemical findings. An increased incidence of bladder stones was also detected.
    Conclusion: In addition to stone removal, treatment of pediatric urolithiasis involves a thorough metabolic and environmental evaluation of all patients on an individual basis. Children with a positive family history should be monitored carefully with respect to kidney stones. They should be encouraged to increase the intake of drugs and dietary agents that increase urine citrate level.
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