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  • ISSN: 2333-665X
    Early Online
    Garg PD*
    Punjab represents a sacred portion of our country. The rich history of this ancient land has given its people a sense of native pride. Punjab is a blessed region of India that once stood witness to countless victories and triumphs. This land was once hallowed by saints.
    Review Article
    Michael Kennedy*
    Cannabis has been used by sportspeople for millennia. The effects of tetrahydrocannabinol the principal psychoactive component in relation to aerobic exercise, strength or pharmacokinetics has been evaluated on a total of 15 occasions. Aerobic exercise performance is impaired, exercise induced bronchospasm is inhibited and strength is decreased. Plasma concentrations rise by <1ng/ml with exercise. Cannabis alters numerous psychological measures which accounts for the reported value for its use before during and after exercise. Cannabis has a spectrum of adverse effects on numerous psychological and physiological parameters which are ignored by those promoting its use in sport. The cardiovascular effects pose potential risks in individuals with any underlying cardiac pathology.
    Special Issue on Addiction & Mental Health
    Research Article
    Salameh P1*, Salamé J2, Waked M3, Barbour B4, Zeidan N4, Baldi I5, and the Lebanese National Conference on Health in University research group
    Introduction: Psychological distress and addictive behaviors are both common in Lebanon. Although girls are more subject to distress, boys are known to be more prone to addictive behaviors. The objective of the article was to assess the relationship between psychological distress and addictive behaviors, looking particularly at differences between boys and girls among university students.
    Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among university students from all universities in Lebanon. Addiction to alcohol, cigarettes, and tranquilizers were evaluated according to the ASSIST total scale and subscales, while waterpipe dependence, cigarette dependence and psychological distress were measured using the Lebanese Waterpipe Dependence Scale (LWDS11), Young Adult Cigarette Dependence (YACD) scale and the Beirut Distress Scale (BDS22), respectively. The moderating effect of gender was particularly analyzed.
    Results: While boys were statistically more likely than girls to present substance addiction and dependence (p<0.001), a higher psychological distress was associated with higher risk to present these disorders (p<0.001), among both boys and girls and in both bivariate and multivariate analyses. Sex was not considered to be a moderator of the association between psychological distress and addiction. One exception was waterpipe dependence that was not associated with psychological distress (p>0.05) in multivariate analysis.
    Conclusion: University students of both sexes with psychological distress should be considered a high risk group for addiction and dependence; public health efforts should be particularly directed towards this subgroup to decrease their health risk behaviors and prevent further deleterious consequences.
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