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  • ISSN: 2379-0547
    Volume 6, Issue 1
    Research Article
    Maria Valeria Jimenez Baez, Sandra Perez Silva, Marisol Ortiz Munoz, Luis Angel Medina Andrade, Luis Sandoval Jurado, Enrique Leobardo Urena Bogarin, and Maria Erika Gutierrez De la Cruz*
    Background: Ovarian cancer is considered the fourth cause of death worldwide according to World Health Organization statistics. Prevention by avoiding risk factors would reduce 30% the incidence of this pathology.
    Objective: To describe the ovarian cancer associated risk factors in women of a second level hospital in México.
    Material and Methods: Descriptive, transversal study. Forty patient´s with the histopathology diagnosis of ovarian cancer between 2013 and 2016 were included and analyzed. The variables were integrated from files, it be determinate tumor characterizes, clinic evolution, treatment and the factor risk. Were calculated frequencies, and confidence interval 95% (CI 95%).
    Results: The more frequent risk factors associated with the studied population were obesity 48% and null parity (25%). The more frequent protector factor was breastfeeding (53%). A secondary analysis it was completed comparing two groups, group 1 with recurrence after treatment and group 2 without recurrence, showing that risk factors between them have no significant differences, including ultrasonography morphologic index and malignancy risk index.
    Concussion: The risk factors associated with an increased relative risk of ovarian cancer are potentially modifiable. Morphologic index and malignancy risk index allow us to predict the malignancy potential in ovarian lesions to be appropriately derived to oncosurgery service.
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