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  • ISSN: 2379-9501
    Volume 2 Issue 2
    Review Article
    Kerime Bademli* and Neslihan Lök
    Abstract: Families of chronic mentally ill person experience a perception of burden due to the loss of ability that occurs in their patients. Burden is the negative effect on the caregiver. Objective burden refers to the negative outcomes in family routines and subjective burden refers to the emotional distress experienced by the caregiver. Perception of burden and difficulties of giving care may cause impairment of physical and mental health in caregivers. In this review two different intervention programs will be introduced to help reduce the burden of caregivers perceive the chronic psychiatric patients. The first of these is "Caregiver Empowerment Program" and the other one is "Family to Family Support Program".
    Short Communication
    Rostam Jalali*, Kiomars Fiz Bashipour and Nadya Baharirad
    Introduction: Understanding and using nursing research comprise an essential step in the process for research utilization and implementation of evidence-based practice. However, many studies have shown that a gap exists between what is known and what is done in practice, i.e., many routines are still present in health care although research-based knowledge on more effective interventions are available. There are barriers to doing and using research. The purpose of this study was to identify the nurses’ viewpoints about barriers of conducting research in our community hospital.
    Material and methods: A cross-sectional survey design was used. The sample consisted of 180 nurses. The 44-item questionnaire consisted of 3 distinct sections: (1) nurse and organizational demographics (8 questions); (2) individual barriers to doing research (15 questions) and (3) the organizational barriers to doing research (21 questions). SPSS software (version 19.0; SPSS, Chicago, IL) was used for statistical analysis.
    Finding: The result showed that the most important barrier in individual factors was "Nursing practice is overload that there is no time for conducting research", and the most important factor in organizational factors was "The nurses feel results are not generalizable to their own setting".
    Conclusion: The study showed the individual and organizational factors have a major role to conducting research from nurses’ viewpoint hence the nurses’ managers must pay attention to resolve these barriers.
    Ho Chiou-Rong1 and Chung Ue-Lin2*
    Verifying that nursing graduates possess adequate competency and ensuring that future graduates remain current with various nursing contexts and needs are critical concerns. Nursing competency has been emphasized recently in Taiwan nursing education. In the past, the traditional written and skill examinations had been used to test the competencies of students. However, these methods only minimally verify their clinical competency. Thus, in recent years, multiple evaluation methods including objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) have been adopted to assess the clinical competency of nursing students. OSCEs have been extensively conducted in educating various healthcare professionals internationally including dietitians, dentists, physical therapists, and nurses etc.
    Research Article
    Mari Miyake1*, Claire Emmanuel2, Teruko Ueda3, Yutaka Yamanaka4, Ayako Kubota1, Takaki Shimono1, Saiji Kanda1 and Toshimasa Nishiyama1
    Aging in Japan is advancing at a globally unprecedented rate. Thus, more care workers are required. Instead, there is a serious shortage of care workers there, due to poor treatment and working conditions. In 2013, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare has noted that the issue of backaches among Japanese care workers had become serious in the previous 10 years. It is obvious that care workers are exposed to higher risk to the possible occupational accident. The purpose of this study is to clarify care workers’ labor conditions in Japan to contribute to the improvement of their occupational health and safety. In this study, the authors conducted a survey of 20 nursing homes in the Kinki Area of Japan and 7 Australian nursing homes in Victoria together with a survey to workers involved in care working to conduct physical measurements and examined the impact that the care labor environment has on care workers themselves, by determining the number of steps they take during their work and their sleeping conditions, then compared the results.
    The results showed that Japanese Care Workers have much harder working conditions than Australian Care Workers do. Although the lifestyle, culture and labor environments of these two countries are different, it is important for the Japanese to introduce technology and practice work sharing, as well as taking turns and working different hours, as Australians do to relieve caretaking burdens.
    Asiye D Akyol*
    Background: Stroke is a major, chronically disabling neurological disease, which often radically and permanently changes the lives of the patients. The assessment between of Turkish version of quality of life Index –stroke version III in stroke patients has not been validated in Turkey.
    Methods: The study consisted of 216 patients with stroke to evaluate acceptability, reliability and validity of the Turkish version Quality of Life Index in stroke patients. The survey included demographic questionnaire and disease information, The Quality of Life –Stroke Version III Index, Barthell Index.
    Results: Internal consistency Cronbach alpha for the QLI-Stroke version items was 0.96. There was no significant difference between pre-test and post-test ratings for all four subscale scores and the global score (p>0.05). Test –retest reliability measured was r: 0.72 (p< 0.05). Concurrent validity was examined by correlating QLI-stroke version Index and Barthell Index. The results of correlation coefficient are low to show validity of the scale even though these were statistically significant.
    Conclusion: The Turkish version of Quality of Life Index in stroke patients was found to be acceptable, reliable and valid tool for use among stroke patients. It is easy and practical to use for both informants and investigators and acceptable for research and clinical practice.
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