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  • ISSN: 2333-6706
    Volume 7, Issue 1
    Review Article
    Fatima Zia* and Sarah Sumbal
    A healthy and adequate diet is very essential for athletes in order to meet their increased energy and nutrient demands. Hence, sports nutrition is gaining importance in today’s context. On sport performance nutrition has a vital role. Carbohydrates should comprise 45 to 65% of athlete’s diet to meet their energy requirements. 10 to 30% of proteins are required for muscle building and strength. Adequate fat (25-35%) is required for insulation and energy. Among micronutrients, calcium, vitamin D and iron are essential for bone health. Many foods of functional importance are recently gaining attention in sports nutrition. These foods have many health benefits to cater for the physiological changes that occur during physical activity and exercise. For athletes adequate hydration is very much important two cups of fluids are recommended for athletes prior to exercise. This article gives an overview of the relationship of various functional foods with physical activity and sports.
    Research Article
    Markos Makiso Urugo* and Kalkidan Tadele Gebreyesus
    This study intended to assess agrobiodiversity of Lemo and Soro districts selected localities, to evaluate demographic and socioeconomic characteristics, to analyze the house hold dietary diversity and to assess the nutritional status of children’s from 6-59 months of age. Sample size determined by using Epi Info 7.0 software, Agrobiodiversity assessed by using FAO guidelines and Anthropometric data collected by the method designed by Gibson. House hold dietary diversity and socioeconomic characteristics data were collected by using semi-structured questionnaires. Three localities of Soro district have showed low agrobiodiversity status and 66.66% of the households recorded low household dietary diversity. On these areas 39.2% of children’s are underweight, 25.5% are stunted as compared with WHO reference standards. Furthermore, 10.8% of the children’s are wasted. On contrary, other three localities have good agrobiodiversity and only 28.4 % of households scored low dietary diversity. The prevalence of underweight, stunting and wasting is 3.9%, 6.7% and 6.9%, respectively. In Lemo district three localities showed poor agrobiodiversity status and household dietary diversity score is also low in 54.9% of households. Underweight, stunting and wasting are evident in 21.6%, 12.7% and 16.9%, respectively. In another way, other three localities demonstrated good agrobiodiversity status and 25.5% of household scored low dietary diversity. Underweight in these areas is 13.7%, stunting is 5.9% and wasting is only 4.2%. In conclusion, household dietary diversity is linked with agrobiodiversity status of the area and affected the nutritional status of children’s aged 6-59 month old. Areas those have relatively poor agrobiodiversity experience low household dietary diversity and high prevalence of stunting, wasting and underweight.
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