Authors: Samuel Levi, Leina Alrabadi, Preeti Singh, Angela Flores* and Vijay Tonk
Abstract: L1 syndrome encompasses a spectrum of conditions that includes a common clinical finding of congenital hydrocephalus and X-linked inheritance. L1CAM is the only gene implicated in this condition. Approximately 247 different mutations have been reported in 300 families.
Authors: Altonbary Y, Mansour AK, Sarhan M, Alwakeel AA, Abdelmabood S, Elmahdi HS and Darwish A
Abstract: Childhood proptosis is quite different from that of the adult. While thyroid orbitopathy is the most common cause in adults, proptosis among children can be caused by: infection, inflammation, vascular and developmental malformation and finally malignancies.