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  • ISSN: 2373-9312
    Volume 8, Issue 4
    Short Communication
    Saccomanni Bernardino*
    Background: Painful os intermetatarseum is a very rare condition. Gruber et al first described os intermetatarseum in 1877. This condition is usually asymptomatic. One should consider painful os intermetatarseum as being a possible cause of dorsal foot pain in young athletes. Surgical excision of the os intermetatarseum should be considered for those patients failing conservative treatment.
    Methods, Results and Conclusion: Here, a literature review of this condition is presented. There are not figures or tables or outcomes in this literature review.
    Review Article
    Mauro Mccarthy de Oliveira Silva, Shura do Prado Farias Borges, Vanessa de Carvalho Nilo Bitu, Tassia Lobato Pinheiro Belmino, and Marlene Menezes de Souza Teixeira*
    The objective of this research was to describe the occurrence of cases of congenital heart disease in children under one year of age registered in health information systems in the state of Ceará, Brazil, from 2010 to 2015. It is a descriptive study of cases of congenital heart disease in the state of Ceará. We refer to the time window from 01/01/2010 to 12/31/2015, of children under 01 (one) year of age (observing the possible outcome of death in the following year up to 11 months and 29 days of life), codes Q20.0 to Q28.9 ICD-10. At Sinasc, 770,999 live births were observed for the years indicated in the survey, of this number 221 children were diagnosed with some congenital heart malformation, totaling 3.5 children for every 1000 live births. In the SIM, the recorded values ??of 739 deaths due to congenital heart malformations among children under one year old stand out, resulting in 6.35% of all infant deaths in this period. There were 145,445 hospitalizations of children under one year of age in the state, with 2,333 hospitalizations for procedures and treatments related to congenital malformations of the circulatory system. The correct information for databases and the performance of specific tests for early diagnosis of congenital cardiac malformations is extremely relevant.
    Sujit Kumar Bhattacharya* and Tamal Kanti Choudhury
    Leishmaniasis is a protozoan parasitic disease. Leishmaniasis is divided into 3 categories, e.g. Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL), Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) and Mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis (MCL). For VL, the estimated number of new cases per year may have decreased to <100,000, but previous estimates ranged up to 400,000 or more cases. Clinically, the Visceral leishmaniasis is characterized by fever (>14 days), loss of weight, anemia and splenomegaly. Children are affected and may die in two years if left untreated. Diagnosis is confirmed by demonstration of the parasite (Leishmania donovani) from bone marrow or splenic aspirate. A number of effective drugs are available to treat the disease including children. Oral drug Miltefosine is highly effective to treat VL in children.
    Jorge Lucas de Sousa Moreira*, Pedro Walisson Gomes Feitosa, Taina Brito Siebra de Oliveira, Yuri de Sousa Cavalcante, Elisa Hellen Cruz Rodrigues, Esther Barbosa Goncalves Felix, Wladia Gislaynne de Sousa Tavares, and Modesto Leite Rolim Neto
    This work aims to carry out a systematic review of the literature on the characteristics of pneumonia due to new coronaviruses on newborns, as well as to discuss the relationship of this infection with pregnancy and exposure in the neonatal period. A systematic review of the literature was carried out in the electronic databases PubMed and Scopus. Original articles that describe clinical, epidemiological and therapeutic characteristics of newborn patients with new coronavirus infection were selected. Only clinical studies that contain features of COVID-19 infection in newborns were included. Due to the scarcity of papers on COVID-19 in this approach, review cases were included in this review. A total of 53 articles were retrieved using the search strategy, of which 24 and 29 were retrieved from PubMed and Scopus, respectively. Thus, 10 articles published between January 2020 and April 2020, originating in China, South Korea and Iran, were included for qualitative classification. There are not enough evidence that support vertical transmission or clinical complications in newborns whose mothers were affected by COVID-19. However, there is a need for further clinical studies to assess these issues and to take into account contamination during childbirth.
    Research Article
    Isabela Pires Metzner*, Bianca dos Santos, and Simone Aparecida Capellini
    Objective: The objective of this study is to present the performance of students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in the Reading processes through the presentation of five cases.
    Method: Five male students with Attention Deficit Disorder and Hyperactivity participated in this study, with an average age of 9 years and 7 months of age, from the third to the fifth year of elementary school in a city in the interior of São Paulo. All students were submitted to the application of the Assessment of Reading Processes - PROLEC.
    Results: Students with Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity performed poorly in the Reading Pseudowords, Grammatical Structures and Text Comprehension tests.
    Conclusion: The students with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in the present study performed below the expected in tests that measure performance in lexical process, semantic process and syntactic process, showing that, the attentional factor when altered, can impair the development of reading processes.
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