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  • ISSN: 2333-6668
    Early Online
    Volume 6, Issue 5
    Research Article
    Thin Thin Mar, Ei Phyu Kyaw, Tin Mar Lynn, Zaw Ko latt, and San San Yu*
    The research work comprises two parts. The first part deals with rapid composting process utilizing cellulolytic nitrogen-fixing bacteria, including Azotobacter beijerinckii, Azotobacter vinelandii and Lysobacter sp. on different types of composting materials. In Control, straw was used as composting material. The second Treatment 1 (T-1), straw, water hyacinth and cow dung were used as composting materials, while Treatment 2 (T-2), straw, water hyacinth and cow dung were used as composting materials and treated with cellulolytic nitrogen-fixing bacteria for rapid composting. The process was completed in 16 weeks (four months), 8 weeks (two months) and four weeks (one month) respectively which showed T-2 took a short duration of one month. During the process, variation in temperature, pH, volume, moisture content, C:N ratio were observed in different treatments. In the second part, the finishing products of T-2 was used as a peat carrier for formulation of biofertilizer named as Test and the effectiveness of this formulated biofertilizer on the growth and yield of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.) was conducted. In this formulated biofertilizer, the three cellulolytic nitrogen-fixing bacteria, Sacchromyces cervisiae and Bacillus megaterium were used. The Test biofertilizer showed its effectiveness in the yield of eggplant fruits compared with the yield using formerly formulated biofertilizer with highly significant difference level (p <0.2).
    Yohannis Abera* and Addisalem Yasin
    This study was aimed to investigate the diversity and abundance of woody plant species of Assosa forest gene bank. An inventory was made to collect the required data and sample plot of size 20mx20m quadrant was used for this particular study. Sixteen quadrates of sample plot were systematically laid down with an interval of 100 m along four transect lines. Shannon-Wiener index was applied to quantify species diversity, richness, and evenness. A total of 44 woody plant species representing 34 genera and 26 families of were identified. From 44 identified woody plant species 948 number of individual plants were counted and recorded. Most of woody plant species counted and recorded from the Assosa forest field gene bank were belongs to Combretaceae family. The current study reveal that Assosa forest field gene bank has more diverse (H=3.17), unevenly distributed (E=0.46) and abundance of all individuals of plant species.
    Vanessa Samdio dos Santos*, Thiago Henrique Stefanello, and Liana B. de Lima Corra da Costa
    Cordia trichotoma is an arboreal species with quick initial growth, also known as Louro pardo. The wood of this species is used to make furniture, it seeds have short viability and studies about the production of seedlings are scarce. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate seed germination at different temperatures, emergence from different substrates, and the seedling development from seeds with different diameters. To observe germination and seedling development seeds were distributed on filter paper with light and dark conditions at different temperatures. To evaluate emerging seedlings, seeds were distributed into trays with commercial substrate, sand, soil and sand, and soil, sand and dung. We evaluated the percentage and speed of germination and seedling emergence, and at the end of the experiment in the nursery, we determined the length of seedlings, roots, and stems, as well as the dry mass of roots, leaves, and stems. Seed germination on filter paper substrate started on day 3 and lasted until day 16. Regarding the diameter, we observed a significant difference in seed germination in different temperatures in the dark. In nursery conditions, the diameter of the seed also influenced plant emergence and development.
    Dereje Mosissa*
    The present study entitled The use and management practices of medicinal plants by Shinasha people the most marginalized ethnic groups in Metekel Zone, Northwest Ethiopia was an ethnobotanical study aiming to summarize and analyze the current knowledge of the Shinasha people on the medicinal properties of local plant species. This study is based on a survey involving a total of 99 informants (aged 20 and above). Data from the survey was analyzed following analytical tools for ethnobotanical methods as preference ranking, direct matrix ranking, paired comparison were performed and medicinal use value, fidelity level index and informant consensus factor were calculated. The study concludes that of 65 medicinal plants recorded, 48% are used for treatment of human maladies and 22% for livestock treatment. These medicinal plants include mainly Clutia abyssinica Jaub. and Spach, Cordia africana Lam., Croton macrostachyus Del., Solanu nigrum L., Datura stramonium L., Justicia schimperiana (Hochst. ex Nees) T. Anders., Ximenia Americana L., Sida schimperi Hochst. ex. A. Rich, Kalancheo petitiana A. Rich, Clematis hirsuta perr and Guill, Gardenia ternifolia Schumach & Thonn., Paveonia uren. Scav, Dichrostachys cinerea L., Grewia ferruginea Juss., Stereospermum kunthianum Cham., Portulaca quadrifida L. Etc. Majority of the plants used were herbs and the parts used was the leaf. Moreover most of the prepared remedies were administered to the patient orally in the form of drink. Justicia schimperiana and Nicotiana tobacum have high fidelity level index (FLI). Bersama abyssinica was the most preferred plant species for the treatment of snake bite and Withania somnifera for evil eye. Direct matrix ranking showed Cordia africana as the most utilized multipurpose plant species. The study area possesses diverse natural vegetation. However, its environment is under serious threat mainly due to agricultural expansion, free grazing, wildfire, timber logging etc. Hence, intensive awareness creating on the use and management systems, sustainable utilization of medicinal plants and their in-situ and ex-situ conservation should be recommended.
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