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  • ISSN: 2374-0124
    Volume 5, Issue 6
    Review Article

    Abdurrezzak Gultekin, Aysel Ozdemir, and Funda Budak*
    Bipolar disorder is a common, serious and recurrent disease with high morbidity, mortality and disability rates. Stigma is seen in bipolar disorder as it is in all mental illnesses. With stigmatization, patients can isolate themselves from society. Stigmatization also affects the compliance of patients with treatment. When the literature is examined, it is seen that stigmatization in bipolar disorder affects treatment compliance negatively.
    Aysel Ozdemir, Abdurrezzak Gultekin, and Funda Budak*
    Women and men who conflict with exposed to gender roles and social norms are being alienated by society and experience various difficulties. The traditional use of social gender roles creates social inequality. Social inequality is the most important reason for violence against women and children.
    Jerrod Brown*, Cody Charette, Stephen Morgan, Janina Cich, and Bob Rohret
    Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome (WKS) results from a thiamine deficiency (vitamin B1) and is a debilitating, neurological disorder characterized by ocular abnormalities, mental health status changes, memory deficits, and ataxia.The implications of this condition can result in a host of impairments, causing long-lasting consequences and in some instances, permanent brain damage. In most cases of WKS, chronic alcohol use is the contributing factor of the thiamine deficiency. WKS can have devastating consequences in forensic mental health and criminal justice contexts. Despite these issues, professionals working in these settings often have limited familiarity with WKS. As such, this article advocates for elevated awareness, advanced training and systematic research on WKS in forensic mental health and criminal justice settings. This includes an overview of WKS symptoms and related deficits, and potential assessment and treatment approaches for individuals with WKS. In addition, suggestions are made for future research on WKS, particularly in these settings. Through increased awareness, understanding, and training, forensic mental health and criminal justice professionals have the potential to help improve the short- and long-term outcomes of individuals with WKS.
    Richard C. Howard*
    It has been proposed that antisocial/borderline personality disorder (PD) might, for the purposes of classification, etiology and treatment, be considered as a single syndrome. This paper examines recent evidence relating to the epidemiology, presentation and treatment of patients with antisocial/borderline PD comorbidity. Viewed through the lens of the recently proposed Hierarchical Taxonomy of Psychopathology (HiTOP), antisocial/borderline comorbidity can be seen as due to associations between broad liability factors - internalizing, thought disorder, disinhibited externalizing and antagonistic externalizing - rather than to disorder-specific associations. An affirmative answer to the question of whether antisocial/borderline comorbidity represents a single syndrome needs to be qualified by a recognition that the syndrome extends beyond the limits of antisocial, borderline and other comorbid PDs; it encompasses other psychiatric disorders such as childhood conduct disorder, intermittent explosive disorder and substance abuse. Results of two recent treatment trials offer hope that patients presenting with antisocial/borderline comorbidity may be treatable, although further treatment trials with seriously violent offenders will be required to justify this initial optimism. It is suggested that treatments should focus on broad liability factors rather than on specific disorders.
    Visser S and Tops W*
    Recently, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) introduced social pragmatic communication disorder (SPCD) as a new neurodevelopmental communication disorder. There is a longstanding debate on the validity of this new communication disorder. SPCD has been criticized due to a lack of empirical evidence showing that SPCD is distinct from autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Indeed, SPCD shows clear overlap with symptoms of ASD in the domain of social communication.
    We present a selective overview of the evidence so far that has attempted to differentiate between SPCD and ASD. The aim of this study is to investigate if there is evidence in th e literature to distinguish symptoms of SPCD to that of ASD. The outcomes of this study can contribute to the development of a more valid instrument for the diagnostic assessment of SPCD.
    We were able to isolate differentiating features for both SPCD and ASD in the social interaction and communication domain, as well as in the domain of repetitive and stereotype behaviours. Nevertheless, it was shown that these deficits fall along a continuum, rather than being discrete categories, with the ASD group demonstrating greater levels of impairment than the SPCD group in all domains.
    Research Article

    Luis Javier Irastorza* and Jose Maria Bellon
    Motivation and competence are both executive functions that are impaired in some ADHD patients. Based on a cross-sectional study of adult ADHD outpatients, we observed a correlation between personality dimensions (conscientiousness) and inattentive and combined ADHD subtypes.
    We undertook a review of the literature on competence and motivation and adapted it to this type of patient. We found that low levels of competence, self-discipline, and achievement-striving (NEO-PI-R) can impact motivation.
    We conclude that the motivational deficit in these individuals, associated with a lower level of competences, can affect their self-esteem and wellbeing.
    Short Communication

    Julianny Galdino Amorim, Marinna de Andrade Saraiva, Alberto Olavo Advincula Reis, Maria Engracia Loiola, and Modesto Leite Rolim Neto*
    The story telling it has proven essential in improving patients who use the clinic, both in strengthening relations between doctor and patient, as in the understanding of the circumstances and acceptance of the sick; it is helpful in the healing process or mental health awareness; and also in supporting the pain and suffering of the patient, as it enables this to become an active subject in the modification of its history. The urge to re-story may proceed from significant or triggering life events. The connection capacity between the speaker and the listener will strengthen the exploration, understanding and effectiveness of this method of research.
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