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  • ISSN: 2378-9328
    Semiparametric Spatial Autoregressive Model: A Two-Step Bayesian Approach
    Authors: Jiaqing Chen, Renfu Wang and Yangxin Huang
    Abstract: Spatial data arise frequently in econometric studies and it is a common practice to analyze such data with spatial autoregressive (SAR) models. This paper proposes a two-step Bayesian approach for inference in the semiparametric spatial autoregressive (SPSAR) model, including the cases for mixed data.
    Role of the Neighbourhood Deprivation in the Adverse Effect of Air Pollution on Congenital Abnormalities
    Authors: Maxime Jeanjean, Kihal Wahida, Cindy Padilla, Esther Kai-Chieh Chen and Severine Deguen
    Abstract: Congenital abnormalities (CAs) remain a major cause of stillbirth and neonatal mortality. The literature has shown that congenital malformations are suggested to have multifactorial determinants, including environmental exposures and socioeconomic patterns.
    Latest Articles
    Review Article
    German Malaga*, MariaSofia Cuba-Fuentes, Leonardo Rojas-Mezarina, Zoila Romero-Albino, Alexandra Hamb, and Valerie A. Paz Soldn
    Health literacy is associated with improved health outcomes. Primary care providers usually provide the majority of care to patients and are also usually the first point of contact for patients within a health system. Wediscuss four strategies to improve health literacy in the primary care setting: 1) Improve clinician communication skills, 2) Usee-Health tools, 3) Promote patient self-management, and 4) Develop supportive systems and caring environments. These strategies are then discussed within the context of low-middle income country realities, such as the case of Peru. There are unique challenges to improving health literacy in low and middle-income countries, but working towards this objective also provides opportunities to strengthen systems and empower patients, and conduct research to determine the impact of different approaches.
    Commentary
    Lily Gutnik*, Beatrice Matanje Mwagomba, Ella Bwanasi, Eleanor Nkosi, Tara Thindwa, Malumbo Chirwa, Victoria Mopiwa, Satish Gopal, and Blandina Khondowe
    In the United States, 5-year survival for women with newly diagnosed breast cancer is 90%, compared with 75% in 1975 [1]. In 1987, only 29% of women over age 40 underwent recommend screening mammography, compared to 64% in 2015 [2].
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