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  • ISSN: 2378-9328
    Volume 1, Issue 1
    Editorial
    Corey H. Basch*
    The use of technology to influence health related behavior has increased over time. Over ninety percent of the US populations are mobile phone owners [1]. Trends in smartphone phone ownership are also increasing [2]. With smartphones, users to can partake in varied tasks related to computing or accessing media. Given their widespread use, cell phones and smart phones present unparalleled opportunities for targeted communications to patients, and present particular opportunities for low-income and underserved patients. With the overwhelming majority of adults in the U.S. owning a cell phone, it’s important to note that 43% of those with a household income under $30,000 on a Smartphone [2].
    Research Article
    Manav Lakhanpal*, Amandeep Chopra, Rao NC, Nidhi Gupta, and Shelja Vashisth
    Abstract:
    Aims and objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the original dietary pattern, tooth brushing habit and oral health of the school children of India in 2013.
    Material and methods: This study was conducted in different Government and Non Government School’s of Panchkula, Haryana, India in 2013. The original sample consisted of 296 children between 10-15 years age groups. A Performa was prepared to collect the data about the oral health status of the subjects and NMES food consumption by the subjects. The samples were examined using a plane mouth mirror and CPI probe where necessary according to WHO caries diagnostic criteria (World Health Organization, 1993). To record the caries experience decayed, missing, filled (DMF) caries index was used. ANOVA, Chi square and Multiple Regression Analysis were done by using SPSS software.
    Results: A significant relationship was found between caries and NMES food or drinks, bed time NMES consumption frequency. It shows that caries experience tend to increase with consumption of NMES food and drinks. Significantly less caries was associated with the reported moderate consumption of dairy products by the children but this association as only for frequency less than 2 times daily. Multiple Regression Analysis revealed that the best predictors for DMFT scores were dairy products consumption frequency, which provided a variance of 24.8% in DMFT.
    Conclusion: The reported consumption of NMES food; drinks and lack of regular tooth brushing were found to be the factors most strongly linked to caries.
    Corey Basch1*, Danna Ethan2, Lalitha Samuel3 and Emily A. Zagnit4
    Abstract: Advertising promotional food and beverage items on the outside windows and walls of restaurants is not an uncommon practice. Research indicates that this practice is more commonly utilized in low- income neighborhoods and that food products promoted are of low nutritional quality. Both groups had similar representations for breakfast foods, burgers, desserts and shakes, sides and snacks. When compared to high-income neighborhoods, low-income neighborhoods had a significantly higher representation for beverages and sugar-sweetened beverages. High-income neighborhoods had almost twice the amount of meals geared towards children (17.1%) compared to low-income neighborhoods (9.3%). The findings of this study suggest the need to assess the level of exposure to (and subsequent purchases related to) external promotions of foods and beverages with low nutritional quality in low-income neighborhoods. Such findings can help inform future health promotion interventions and policy development, particularly in lower-income communities where nutrition-related chronic diseases are prevalent.
    Varun Gaiki* and Vasant Wagh
    Abstract: Health of an individual is the result of various criteria like healthy nutritional status, excellent functional capacity and favorable environmental conditions. The nutritional status plays a vital role in determining the health seeking behavior and the limitation of functional capacity. So, this 3 month cross sectional study was aimed at determining the reliability of mini nutritional status scale in the field practice area of rural health training centre of Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Wardha, Maharashtra, in reference to inter-observer reliability using two pre trained nurses, visited the elderly who had utilized the health care services from the rural health training centre in the last one month duration, by house to house visit, and recorded the information as per MNA scale. The follow up visit, after the first visit of ANM, was done exactly after one month and again the data was recorded in the form of MNA scale. The data collected was analyzed for inter-observer variations, using kappa statistics. Prior approval was sought from the Institutional ethics committee of JNMC. Oral consent was obtained from the participants. Mean score was 19.6 and 20.4, with standard deviation of 2.45 and 3.05 respectively. According to kappa index, test-retest reliability for a stratified total MNA was 0.78, for 18 ordinals, it was nominal items, it was almost perfect, or substantial in 12 items, in 5 items, it was moderate to fair, and in 1 item it was slight. Conclusion: MNA has a good level of reliability and reproducibility, according to its internal consistency.
    Review Article
    Olaf C Jensen1* and Lise Hedegaard Laursen2
    Abstract: Safety and health in offshore oil and gas production has always been important. With the aim to evaluate the preventive program effect, a literature review was done based on epidemiological occupational injuries and musculoskeletal disorders.
    Methods: A literature review was performed by examining papers in PubMed, Cochrane, EMBASE, Google Scholar and Web of Science databases that were published on or before January 1st 2000.
    Results: i) The fatal injury incidence rates in the USA are significantly higher than for all other industries; ii) The incidence rates of lost time injuries have been reduced over the last decenia, which is probably due to the implemented preventive programs; iii) the prevalence rates of musculoskeletal disorders are similar to the general working populations.
    Conclusion: The few epidemiological studies do not allow for firm conclusions and call for more studies. The fatal occupational injury risk in the oil- and gas platforms calls for more attention.
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