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  • ISSN: 2379-0571
    Current Issue
    Volume 5, Issue 2
    Case Report
    Ridwana Sanam*, and Afrozul Haq
    Prolonged poor posture results in cumulative trauma of structures due to their altered length-tension properties, and hence this Repetitive Strain Injury (RSI) arises if poor posture is adopted regularly for extended periods as typically happen in the work place in front of computer/ laptop. The prolonged misalignment of your neck, shoulder blade and upper arm puts significant stress on the ligaments and tendons around your neck& shoulder. The purpose of this study was to report of an adult male computer professional with cervical Radiculopathy & its successful management by physiotherapy.The best treatments were exercise, manipulation, KRV oil massage and mobilization, or combinations thereof. Radiculopathy had a good prognosis and may respond to conservative measures. Results of neck surgery for myelopathy or intractable pain are often disappointing. This study shows that comprehensive physiotherapy provides a valuable method of treatment in cervical spondylitis among computer professionals with 100% results.
    Dilpreet Kaur, Jennifer W. McVige*, and Michael Lillis
    Concussion in contact sports is a common occurrence, diagnosed at an increased frequency given new awareness regarding post-concussive injury. Both the decision to utilize neuroimaging in diagnosis and treatment, as well as the determination of return to play to contact sport, can be challenging and controversial. This case report discusses a 13-year-old female who sustained a concussion and experienced atypical neurologic symptoms. Chiari Malformation and syringohydromyelia were found incidentally and believed to have prolonged the recovery.
    Research Article
    Jeremy B. Kent*, Colton L. Wood1, Kelli Pugh, Siobhan M Statuta, and John M. Mac Knight
    Objectives: Growing concern over player safety and long-term health effects of sport-related concussion (SRC) led the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) to implement the medical observer (MO), whose primary job is to identify concussions not seen by sideline medical staff. Currently, there is no data assessing the effectiveness of the MO. The primary aim of this survey was to determine if the MO identifies SRCs that sideline medical staff missed during game play.
    Methods: The authors distributed a 19-item questionnaire to all 15 ACC athletic departments that both quantitatively and qualitatively assessed for any SRCs or non-concussion injuries that were detected by the MO during the 2015-2016 ACC football season.
    Results: Nineteen MOs completed the 19-item survey which accounted for coverage of 56% of the total halves played by all ACC teams in the 2015-2016 season. Four SRCs and seven non-concussion injuries were identified by an MO that were not seen by the sideline medical staff. None of the respondents failed to call down to the sideline in spite of an obvious injury or SRC that went unnoticed by the sideline medical staff.
    Conclusions: The MO does indeed detect SRCs that are not seen by the sideline medical staff. The survey also showed that many ACC teams used the MO as a secondary injury observer, further increasing the value of this new position. To further promote efficacy, each MO should be provided with the best available tools, communication, and viewing angles. The development of a formalized MO training curriculum should also be considered.
    Hassen Berri*, James Pastrnak, Kent Scheff, and Bob Kiningham
    This study examined the rate of reported concussion symptoms after head trauma in NCAA division 1 wrestlers. In addition, we tested knowledge of possible concussion symptoms in these athletes. An anonymous 6-question survey was administered to active college wrestlers 18+ who have participated in greater than 50% of their past 3 wrestling seasons. The survey assessed concussion knowledge, history of concussive signs and symptoms, and history of reported concussions. Self-reported incidence of concussive signs and symptoms, reported concussions, and concussion knowledge were used as outcomes. 56.7 % of respondents were able to identify all the symptoms on the concussion symptoms list designed to test baseline knowledge levels. 22 out of the 30 respondents reported one or more possible concussion incidents, which totaled 35 in the study. Only 14/35 (40%) were actually reported to a medical staff. 11 of those 14 wrestlers (78.6%) went on to be formally diagnosed with a concussion. Concussion symptom identification accuracy is low (56.7%) and underreporting of symptoms rate is high (60%) in this subset of athletes. These findings may warrant further education regarding concussion and concussion reporting amongst division 1college wrestlers.
    Review Article
    Jakub Adamczyk*, Karol Pilis, and Aleksander Sieroń
    The popularity of fitness clubs in Poland and in other European countries is growing at a rapid pace. Undoubtedly, what contributes to such growth is a direct education of the society about healthy lifestyle transmitted via social media and mass media. The aim of the work is to present the current potential of the entire market of recreational sports services in Poland compared to the rest of Europe.
    Short Communication
    Socratis Kaloupsis, and Eleni Dimakopoulou*
    Background: The aim of the study was to examine selected anthropometric characteristics of young female rowers and compare them with senior female national level rowers and untrained girls of same ages. Methods: Anthropometric characteristics of 315 female junior’s rowers aged 10-18 years and 19 senior female national level rowers were selected. Young female rowers were categorized in 8 age groups (10-17/18yrs), while the senior national level rowers were divided into heavyweight (n=9, HW) and lightweight (n=10, LW). Body mass, 6 heights or lengths, 4 breadths, 3 girths and 5 skinfolds were measured in total.
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