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  • ISSN: 2379-0571
    Volume 2, Issue 6
    Research Article
    Brenison Souza de Barros,Gabriela Quaresma da Rocha, Iasmin Pereira Cabral, Karen Lorena Nunes Baia, Lana Carolina Natividade da Rocha, Luã Alves de Araújo,César Augusto de Souza Santos*
    Abstract: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disease that affects predominantly females between the fourth and fifth decades of life and in menopausal period. It affects mainly the hips, knees, spine and hands. The symptoms are crackling, reduction or loss of joint function, limitation of movement, adjacent muscular atrophy, deformities, nodules and inflammation. Hydrotherapy can be used in the treatment of OA. This modality of therapy provides to the patient an overall wellness; analgesia and relief from the pain symptoms, making the patient feel more comfortable with a significant improvement in functional capacity. The article aimed to obtain data of the epidemiological profile of the patients with diagnosis of OA treated at the UEAFTO (Brazilian abbreviation for Unit of Education and Assistance on Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy), in order to provide benefits for the general population. This study involved data from primary sources such as the records of patients of both sex without ethnic discrimination, over the age 40, who were treated in the ambulatory of Hydrotherapy at UEAFTO during the period between August 2010 to August 2013 and with confirmed diagnosis of OA.
    Megumi Matsumoto*, Masahito Hagio, Miki Katsumata and Tomohiro Noguchi
    Abstract: Athletes frequently suffer from anemia due to rigorous training, reduced food intake (for weight control), and destruction of erythrocytes. Menses can also render anemia improvements problematic. We investigated the effects of a combined supplementation and nutritional counseling intervention in female athletes exhibiting anemic symptoms. Capsules containing heme iron were used for supplementation (Fe at 14 mg/day). Nutritional counseling was based on indices of iron status (blood hemoglobin [Hb], serum ferritin [Fer], and soluble transferrin), nutrient status, and energy expenditure based on food intake and activity logs and training loads. Thirty female participants (mean age = 20.2 ± 1.3 years; Hb, 12.4 ± 0.7 mg/dL; Fer, 17.8 ± 13.7 ng/mL) who engaged in fencing, long jump, handball, or volleyball, were supplemented with capsules every day for 2 months but received no nutritional counseling. Participants in whom initial Hb and Fer values were >11.5 mg/dL and 10 ng/mL, respectively (n = 20), exhibited improved iron status. This was not observed in the remaining 10 participants, all of whom trained excessively and exhibited low Hb and Fer levels; these individuals received daily capsules for a further 2 months in addition to nutritional counseling. Heme iron supplementation and increased levels of food-derived minerals and proteins following nutritional counseling significantly increased blood iron levels, with a concomitant decrease in negative mood and an increase in "vigor" without constipation. In conclusion, long-term heme iron supplementation, in combination with nutritional counseling, could improve sports anemia in highly trained female athletes.
    Review Article
    Mechthild Westhoff-Bleck*, Jens Treptau, Friederike Löffler and Julian Widder
    Abstract: In heart failure related to acquired heart disease exercise training represents an established treatment option. In contrast in congenital heart disease the value of exercise training is less clear. There is even concern that in patients with complex congenital lesions exercise training might be potentially harmful. Currently there are few studies including three randomized trials that evaluated the safety and benefit of exercise training in adults with complex congenital heart disease such as Fontan circulation, systemic morphological right ventricles, Fallot and Eisenmenger Syndrome. Cumulative data suggest that individualized low to moderate exercise training is safe in clinically stable patients. As in acquired heart disease it improves exercise capacity and heart failure symptoms. In contrast to patients with acquired heart disease exercise training is barely associated with increased quality of life. As documented by high numbers of dropouts and lacking long-term compliance the implementation of regular physical activity is difficult. It requires lifestyle changes through behavior modification which is challenging for physicians and patients. Implementation of regular physical activity requires life-long individualized counseling which should already begin in childhood.
    Short Note
    Giovanna Aquino*, Enzo Iuliano, Giovanni Fiorilli, Alessandra Di Cagno and Giuseppe Calcagno*
    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a complex progressive pulmonary disease with significant physical, cognitive and psychological sequels [1].These sequels contribute to reduce the quality of life and improve the mortality [2]. Dementia is a common comorbidity of COPD characterized by multiple cognitive deficits, involving memory and one or more other cognitive domains that cause significant impairment in social and occupational functions [3].
    Mini Review
    Lentillon- Kaestner. V*
    Abstract: Fitness sports may be considered high-risk sports for the development of eating disorders (EDs), along with aesthetic sports, weight division sports, endurance sports, and sports with vertical moves. Based on previous research, the purpose of this paper is to better understand the relationships between EDs and fitness sports among men and women. Fitness activities in general cannot be associated with EDs; different fitness sports are associated with different EDs among males and females. The fear of gaining weight or the desire to lose weight leads women to practice cardio-based activities and notably cardio-based fitness classes. Nevertheless, fitness classes seem not to be the preferred physical activity for women suffering from EDs and fitness sports play an ambivalent role in EDs. In contrast, many men who are unhappy with their body appearance choose bodybuilding to increase their muscle mass and develop EDs. Muscle dysmorphia is characterized by the desire to increase muscle mass and lose body fat, and also includes obsessive compulsive features that are typical to those related to EDs. Muscle dysmorphia is common and has been mostly studied in competitive bodybuilding. The development of EDs in fitness sports among men and women is related to social norms of attractiveness in the Western Society. Further studies are needed among women to analyze more in depth the relationship between other more unstructured cardio-based activities and EDs. Among men, further psychosocial studies with quantitative and qualitative methods, notably among non-competitive bodybuilders, would permit to better understand male EDs in fitness sports.
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