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  • ISSN: 2373-9363
    Volume 3, Issue 2
    Research Article
    Jonatan Vukovic1, Darko Modun2, Domagoj Markovic3* and Davorka Sutlovic4,5
    Abstract: In the research of influence of alcohol on the mental and physical state of the body alcohol concentration in the blood plays an important role which must be properly defined. Therefore, the aim of our study was to examine breath and blood alcohol concentration in ten young, healthy, non-smoker male volunteers after consuming a red wine, containing 13 vol % of alcohol. Red wine (3 ml/kg) was consumed in the morning, after an overnight fast. Breath alcohol concentration (BrAC) and blood alcohol concentration (BAC) were determined before (baseline) and 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, 120, 150 and 240 min after beverage consumption. BAC was determined by headspace gas chromatography and BrAC was determined with Alcotest Dräger 6810 instrument. The concentration time profiles of alcohol in blood and breath following wine intake, poorly matched. Results show that the averages BrAC are significantly higher than average BAC in 15 min, 30 min and 45 min after beverage consumption. One hour after beverage consumption there were not statistically significant difference between BrAC and BAC measures. These results indicate that factual blood alcohol concentration and related expert toxicological decision based solely on the results obtained from breath analyzer might not be correct.
    Khess CRJ1*, Naveen Kumar Srivastava1, Vivek Chail2, Sachchidanand Singh1 and Sourav Khanra1
    Abstract: Presence of abnormal cavum septum pellucidum (CSP) in patients of schizophrenia has been reported in many studies. CSP has not been reported in patients of Alcohol dependent syndrome (ADS), though less brain weight and volumespecially of white matter has been found in neuropathological studies. We selected the CT scans,done in the year 2012 and 2013 of male patients of alcohol dependence syndrome and normal controls, who had been referred for CT scanning to the GirindraShekhar Bose Centre for Neuroimaging and Radiological Sciencesof Central Institute of Psychiatry (C.I.P.), Ranchi, for various reasons. We found 54 CT scans of alcohol dependent male patients and 34 CT scans of normal male controls,who satisfiedthe inclusion and exclusion criteria. We defined any CSP greater than or equal to 6mm in length as abnormal. We found significantly increased prevalence of abnormal CSP in alcohol dependent patients (p= 0.007). Similarly, dimension (length and width of cavum and width of septum) of CSP were significantly larger in patient group than controls.
    Short Communication
    Diana M. Doumas1,2*, Susan Esp2,3 and Robin Hausheer1
    Abstract: This study examined the impact of passive versus active parental consent procedures on response rates and nonresponse bias when recruiting 9th grade students for a school-based alcohol intervention. Results indicated a significant difference in response rates when using passive parental consent procedures (91.8%) compared to active parental consent procedures (30.4%). Additionally, students recruited with active parental consent procedures reported lower rates of alcohol use and lower levels of alcohol-related consequences than those recruited with passive parental consent procedures. There were no differences in demographic variables between the two groups. Findings indicate active parental consent procedures may result in an underrepresentation of students reporting alcohol use and alcohol-related consequences, compromising the generalizability of findings in school-based alcohol intervention research. We suggest researchers incorporate strategies shown to increase response rates when using active parental consent procedures to minimize nonresponse bias.
    Randye J. Semple* and John Briere
    Abstract: Rates of adolescent substance use and abuse (SUA) are extremely high, as are rates of adolescent victimization and interpersonal violence in the United States. SUA is even more common among adolescents who have experienced victimization, violence, or other traumatizing experiences. One aspect of the relationship between SUA and trauma is that early trauma appears to interfere with the development of affect regulation. Increasing an adolescent's ability to tolerate and regulate traumatic stress responses may reduce the need for other avoidant; affect regulation strategies, such as SUA. Integrative Treatment of Complex Trauma for Adolescents includes interventions to help traumatized adolescents develop affect regulation skills. One important component of affect regulation development in ITCT-A is mindfulness training, which has been shown to reduce alcohol-related problems as well as traumatic symptoms.
    Perspective
    Gerald Melnick1*, Harry K. Wexler2 and Jordan Wexler2
    Employment has been identified as a major factor in overcoming recidivism among ex-felons; those that find employment are three to five times less likely to commit a crime [1]. Yet, unemployment rates remain high, estimated at between 42% [2] and 55% [3].
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