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  • ISSN: 2378-931X
    Volume 5, Issue 1
    Research Article
    Matiur Rahman*, Riadul Hasan, Sahabuddin Ahmed, ABM Tanbir Ahmed, Mahamudul Hasan, Mahbubul Hasan Rony, Harunur Rashid, and Rafiqul Islam
    Newcastle disease is a devastating poultry disease all over the world including Bangladesh. The present study was conducted to investigate the immune response of ND live vaccines Cevac New L® (La Sota strain) in pigeons during the period from January, 2014 to June, 2014. For the purposes of this experiment 40 pigeons were divided into 2 groups. In group A (n=20) and B (n=20,unvaccinated control) vaccination was performed twice with Cevac New L® at day 5 and 21 of age i/o. Serum antibody titre was evaluated by the means of hemagglutination inhibition test (HI). The Mean±SD of HI titre (log2X) of group A was 4.75±0.64, 5.65±0.59, 6.85±0.67, 7.55±0.51,6.35±0.67, 5.20±0.77 at day12, 19, 28, 35, 42 and 49 of post vaccination respectively. It was observed that serum Ab level was gradually increased from day 12 to day 35 and declined slowly after day 42 in group, leading to good protection to the pigeon against ND. There was a significant (p<0.05) differences between the HI titre of group A and B. From the result, it was revealed that Cevac New L® (La Sota Strain) produced better immune response in the pigeon body against ND in respect of HI Abtitres response.
    Arber Taraku, Miriam Andrada Sas, Arta Lugaj, Bejo Bizhga, Kristaq Berxholi, and Martin H. Groschup*
    Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a zoonotic vector-born viral disease named for the causative agent, Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever virus (CCHFV). CCHFV is a member of the family Nairoviridae, genus Orthonairovirus. The virus is mainly transmitted via tick bites. Other transmission pathways are contact to blood, other bodily fluids and tissues of viremic animals or human patients. The case fatality rate in humans lies between 2 and 80%. Unlike humans, animals do not show clinical signs but they develop a stable antibody titer after a short viremia (< 2 weeks). Hence, seroepidemiological studies in livestock are very useful as risk indicator for CCHF in humans. The aim of this study was to examine the distribution of CCHFV infections among cattle in different districts of Kosovo. This survey was carried out in 2013-2014. Blood samples were taken from the jugular vein of 932 cattle in Kosovo. These sera were collected from nine different districts of Kosovo (Suhareke, Rahovec, Malisheve, Kline, Decan, Drenas, Prizren, Peje and Gjakove) and were tested with different serological assays (ELISA and IFA) at Friedrich-Loeffler-Institut (FLI), Greifswald, Germany. Through these techniques it was possible to identify CCHFV-specific IgG antibodies in serum samples of infected animals. Specific IgG antibodies were detected in cattle from all sampled areas and detected prevalence were substantial in some districts (43, 64% in Malisheve, followed by 25.25% in Rahovec). The overall seroprevalence was 19.21% (179 positives), with major CCHFV risk areas in Malisheve and Rahovec.
    Short Note
    Samah Kotb Nasr Eldeen*
    Cancer continues to represent the largest cause of mortality in the world, the second leading cause of death worldwide next to cardiovascular disease.
    Letter to Editor
    Vitorino Modesto dos Santos*
    The risks of infections from animals to humans increase if susceptible individuals do not have awareness about the mechanisms of transmission in a variety of environments. Leptospirosis is a main cosmopolitan anthropozoonosis with significant adverse effects in Human Medicine, often related to misdiagnosis, or unsuspected and late diagnoses [1-5].
    Vitorino Modesto dos Santos*
    Laboratory Syrian hamsters are often utilized in medical research, in special about carcinogenesis mechanisms and experimental chagasic infections [1-4]. Tumors induced by carcinogens and oncogenic viruses have been often reportedin hamsters [1-3], also considered a good animal model for studies about infections by Trypanosoma cruzi [4].
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