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  • ISSN: 2378-931X
    Volume 5, Issue 11
    Original Article
    Debra R. Taylor DVM*, Leah Guidry, Will Justus BS, Enrico Tegazzin, Zahra Sedighi Maman, and Julie A. Gard
    Objective: The objective of this study was the evaluation of a time effect for soaking warm-season grass hays on the decrease of the soluble carbohydrates content, as well as on other nutrients. Often, hay is soaked to remove soluble carbohydrates to make a safer feed source for horses. This study specifically evaluated warm season grass hays grown in the southeastern United States. Samples: Twenty separate Bermuda grass hay samples. Procedures: The hay samples were divided into three groups: two treatment groups (A and B) and a control group (C). Group C was not soaked, Group A was soaked in water for 12 hours. Group B was soaked in water for 30 minutes. All groups were dehydrated and sent to Dairy One Laboratory to be analyzed for nutrient content utilizing Near Infrared Reflectance spectroscopy.Statistical analysis of the data was performed with a p value less or equal to 0.05 was considered significant.
    Mohamed S Abdel Hafez*
    This study was aimed to assess the presence of Campylobacter jejuni infection and some of its virulence genes in broiler chickens in New Valley and Assiut provinces, Egypt. The study was conducted on 200 broiler chicken samples which obtained from 12 broiler flocks representing 60000 birds. One hundred intestinal (caecal) samples and one hundred liver samples from birds (dead and live broilers suffering from diarrhea) during spring and summer seasons of 2016 were used for bacteriological and molecular examinations. The isolated and identified strains were examined for the presence of virulence factors (VirB11, flaA and Iam genes). Results showed that out of 200 intestinal and liver samples, C. jejuni was isolated in 51 (25.5%). The highest microbial load was in intestinal samples (26%) followed by liver samples (25%). In addition, the virulence genes of C. jejuni were identified in broiler chicken samples as ViroB11 (10%), flaA gene (5%) and iam gene (40%). In conclusion, this study revealed that C. jejuni may represent a threat to poultry production.
    Short Communication
    Jennifer Felenda*, and Florian Stintzing
    It is difficult to deal with the most common skin tumor in horses: the equine sarcoid. Its recurrence rate is very high and no single universally effective treatment without serious side effects is yet available.
    Aqueous fermented mistletoe extracts of eight different host trees (pine tree, fir tree, hawthorn, apple tree, poplar tree, lime tree, oak tree, willow tree) were tested for their impact on the proliferation of the equine sarcoid cell line E42/02 in a 2D and 3D design.
    All mistletoe preparations inhibit the proliferation of the equine sarcoid cells in vitro. The order of the IC50 concentrations was in accordance with the content of mistletoe lectin of the respective Viscum album preparations. The extract from the pine tree (Pini) showed the lowest potency to reduce the cell growth. The strongest inhibition of cell proliferation was obtained with the mistletoe extract of the willow tree (Salicis) with an IC50 concentration of 11 µg/ml in the 2D Alamar Blue assay and 1.2 µg/ml in the 3D Soft Agar assay. In addition to the high content of mistletoe lectin in the extracts from the mistletoe growing on willow tree, further components need to be taken into consideration to assess the full potential, such as the various acids exhibiting anti-tumoral action as well as the anti-phlogistic salicin.
    These results indicate that the treatment with mistletoe preparations presents an effective therapy for horses suffering from equine sarcoids. The preparation from the willow tree mistletoe offers both cytotoxic and anti-inflammatory activity which awaits to be proofen in an in vivo design.
    Research Article
    Tekalign Tadesse* and Lenco Teshome
    A Coprology based cross sectional study was conducted on poultry coccidiosis of local and exotic breed from April to June, 2018 in and around Jimma town, Oromia regional state, south western Ethiopia. A total of 367 faecal samples were collected from exotic and Indigenous breeds of chickens randomly, including both younger and adult age groups from different management system. Saturated solution of sugar was used as floating medium. Out of the 367 chicken examined, 119 were positive for coccidian parasites giving the overall prevalence of 32.4%. Among age groups, breed, sex, management system, hygienic status and medication history and vaccinated, higher prevalence was observed in young (48.8%), exotic chicken (36.4%), male (35%), and those with intensive management system (39.5%), poor hygienic status (37%) and not medicated (36%) and vaccinated (35.5%) respectively. Young chicken and those with intensive management, poor hygienic status, exotic breed and not medicated had higher risk of acquiring coccidiosis (P<0.05). Even though relatively higher prevalence of coccidiosis was recorded in the chicken that were vaccinated (34%) than non-vaccinated (30.5%), but no significant difference (P>0.05) was obtained. In conclusion, the present study showed that coccidiosis is an important disease of poultry and this warrant appropriate control strategies need to be designed in order to reduce the impact of poultry coccidiosis in the study area.
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