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  • ISSN: 2378-931X
    Volume 6, Issue 2
    Short Communication
    Isabela Pereira de Oliveira Souza, and Wagner de Souza Tassinari*
    The aim of this paper is investigate the effects of rainfall in urban leptospiroses cases in a one the most largest city in the world, Rio de Janeiro/Brazil, in 2007 to 2017 period. Urban Leptospirosis study is relevant to public health because of its severity and mode of dissemination, being its occurrence greater in places with socio-environmental and climatic vulnerability, as Rio de Janeiro city. To evaluate the correlation between the time series of the human leptospirosis cases and rainfall, were used exploratory graphical analyzes and regression models. It was possible to observe that leptopirose cases are significantly associated with the monthly mean rainfall of the previous month (RR = 1.11 [95% CI: 1.08 - 1.15]), the increases of lepstopirosis cases in this urban setting happens according to rainfall. The monitoring not only of cases of leptospirosis, but also climatic variables, need to be taken into account in epidemiological surveillance. The implementation of public policies for basic sanitation, mainly in urban areas, are necessary for the maintenance and prevention of most neglectable infectious diseases.
    Research Article
    Dawit Chala and Biruk Alemu*
    A cross sectional study was conducted from October 2017 to March 2018 with the objectives of determining the prevalence and economic importance of ovine fasciolosis in Ambo restaurant. Coprological and postmortem examinations were employed to determine the sensitivity. Out of the total 384 adult sheep slaughtered at Ambo restaurant during the study period, 151 animals (39.3%) were found to be affected by Fasciolosis. The overall prevalence of Fasciolosis in Ginchi, Ambo and Guder origin were 40.8%, 39.6%, and 38.2% respectively. Prevalence of fasciolosis on poor, good, and medium body condition animals were 66.0%, 20.5%, and42.5% respectively. A significant difference (P < 0.05) in prevalence was observed among body condition of the study animals. Post mortem examination was more sensitive than coprological examination for diagnosis of fasciolosis with a kappa value of 0.55. The direct and indirect losses incurred due to Fasciolosis in Ambo restaurant were estimated about 72,277ETB. In conclusion, further studies should be conducted to determine the prevalence of Fasciola species infecting ovine and associated risk factors of the diseases in the study area.
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