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  • ISSN: 2373-9282
    Tumor-To-Tumor Metastasis: Intracranial Meningioma Harboring Metastatic Breast Carcinoma
    Authors: Lucas F Abrahao-Machado, Eduarda F Abrahao-Machado, Elaine C F Abrahao-Machado, Fernanda Possas Guimaraes, Marcelo Alvarenga, Ana Maria Adami, Cesar Augusto Alvarenga, JoaoFlavio de Mattos Araujo and Gustavo Zucca-Matthes
    Abstract: Tumor-to-tumor metastasis is an uncommon event and meningioma has been found as the most common intracranial tumor hosting metastasis, with the majority arising from breast cancer.
    Significance of a Biomarkers Immunohistochemistry Panel for Survival Prognostic in Patients with Sporadic Colorectal Cancer
    Authors: Luderer LA, Lustosa SAS, Silva SEM, Denadai MVA, Afonso Jr RJ, Viana LS and Matos D
    Abstract: Objective: to evaluate the prognostic power of survival of a biomarkers panel formed by p53, VEGF, Bcl-2, Ki-67, and EGFR in subjects with sporadic colorectal adenocarcinoma subjected to radical surgical treatment.
    Latest Articles
    Review Article
    Attapon Cheepsattayakorn* and Ruangrong Cheepsattayakorn
    Ramazzini first described this disease, namely “Pneumonoultramicroscopicsilicovolcanokoniosis” and then was changed according to the types of exposed dust. No reliable figures on the silica-inhalation exposed individuals are officially documented. How silica particles stimulate pulmonary response and the exact path physiology of silicosis are still not known and urgently require further research. Nevertheless, many researchers hypothesized that pulmonary alveolar macrophages play a major role by secreting fibroblast-stimulating factor and re-ingesting these ingested silica particles by the pulmonary alveolar macrophage with progressive magnification. Finally, ending up of the death of the pulmonary alveolar macrophages and the development of pulmonary fibrosis appear. Various mediators, such as CTGF, FBRS, FGF2/bFGF, and TNFa play a major role in the development of silica-induced pulmonary fibrosis. A hypothesis of silicosis-associated abnormal immunoglobulins has been postulated. In conclusion, novel studies on pathogenesis and biomarkers of silicosis are urgently needed for precise prevention and control of this silently threaten disease of the world.
    Letter to Editor
    AmalR Nimir*, and Anne Jamaludin
    Prevention Is Better Than Cure; that's what we have always been told.
    Let's imagine living in the 14th century for a minute. You wake up in a flea-ridden bed after a restless night of sleep, interrupted by the alarm clock of the century (the nearest rooster).
    Editorial
    Nicholas J. Kavana*
    Spirometra is a pseudophyllidean tapeworm of Canidae and Felidae [1] with worldwide distribution. This cestode is of medical importance as its larvae, the plerocercoid can infect humans causing sparganosis. Sparganosis is endemic in many countries with the majority of cases reported from Southeast Asia, China, Japan and Eastern Africa [2-6] The life-cycle of Spirometra sp. is dependent of two types of intermediate hosts.
    Research Article
    Happyness J. Mshana*, Savael X. Ngowi, Vito Baraka, Gerald Misinzo, and Williams H. Makunde
    Background: Bancroftian filariasis a parasitic vector-borne disease among the communicable neglected tropical infectious disease. The disease has been found to compromise the well-being of large populations in endemic countries within the tropics and sub-tropics. Despite of the several studies attempted to document on the mechanism involved in the development of clinical disease, until now the pathogenesis of the disease is not yet clear to date, although there, several underlined aetiological factors being implicated. This study was conducted to determine the role of TLR 2 –196 to –173 del and its association with asymptomatic bancroftian filariasis in endemic communities of Tanga region in north eastern Tanzania.
    Methods: TLR 2 -196 to -173 polymorphism in the 5’ untranslated region using allele specific real time -polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) were tested in 79 individuals.
    Results: TLR 2 -196 to – 173 polymorphisms were tested positive in 36.7 % of the samples.
    Conclusion: TLR 2 -196 to -173 del polymorphisms occurrence among individuals infected with bancroftian filariasis disease highlights the potential for the susceptibility of bancroftian filariasis infection and importance of further genetic research for better understanding the mechanism of infection transmission and heterogeneity of the disease.
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