Copyright And License Agreements

Copyrights Definition

Copyrights can be defined as the ownership of a particular expression, write-up, image or music in its documented form and all rights of it are reserved and lie with its original creator for a certain period. Any reproduction of the creative form without the licensing or written permission taken from its original producer or owner is liable under the copyrights act of 1957. Copyright is also called intellectual property rights. Copyright is intended to protect the original expression of an idea in the form of creative work, but not the idea itself.

Copyrights in Scientific Research Publications

The copyrights of any published article generally remain with the author unless the study is funded by a university or agency that expects an author to sign the copyright transfer agreement (CTA). On signing such an agreement, the copyrights would be transferred to the funding or the commissioning agency and even the author has to seek the permission of the funding body to reproduce it in any form, except for fair use to preserve in the central repositories.

Copyrights in Open Access

Articles published in the open access journals are governed by the Creative Commons licensing policy, (attributed, or CC-BY) which allows others to have free access, copy, circulate, download, share and use research provided the author is correctly attributed. The publisher adds the Creative Commons licenses to the article once it is accepted for publication. However, the author retains the copyright and shall be able to use the final published version of the article in any way, including adding the full text to CentAUR.

Author signs a licensing agreement with the publisher that allows the publisher to circulate it free of cost to all the end-users in the digital platforms, online under the open-access publication model. An author may share the published article with any third party. The third party may use it under the relevant user license (together with Personal Use rights) so long as it contains a CrossMark logo, the end-user license, and a DOI link to the version of record on ScienceDirect. In all these cases, the author retains the patent, and other intellectual property rights (including research data) and the publisher retains the trademark of the journal. Proper attribution and credit should be given to both the published work and the publisher.


Creative Commons is a licensing scheme that allows authors to license their work so that users may re-use it without contacting the author for permission. However, users should acknowledge the author and the source of its publication thoroughly.  This is applicable to the articles published under the open-access model only.

In cases where the author retains the rights and is not licensed under the creative commons license, the author can straight away denote that it is copyrighted information. If the copyright is transferred to the publisher, the author cannot claim that he owns the copyright.

An author may be using various third-party images, illustrations, and published work in order to produce/write his article.  They may not be free from copyrights and the author must request permission from the copyright holder. In most cases, they are available with meager licensing charges. In certain cases, it may be expensive for the author to buy copyrights. If it is not possible to attain the copyright due to various reasons, the author can self-archive the work in CentAUR without third-party content.

Submit Manuscript

Articles should be submitted using our online submission link (OR) you can also email your manuscript as an attachment at submissions@jscimedcentral.com