Effect of SARS-COV2 Virus on Nervous System and Mental Health - Abstract
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) causes COVID-19. COVID-19 has shown syndromic complexity. COVID-19 effects on the respiratory system have been well described in the literature, but we now recognize that COVID-19 also affects several other organs, including the nervous system. The neurological manifestations of SARS-CoV-2 infection are growing rapidly, as evidenced by several reports. There are several mechanisms responsible for such manifestations in the nervous system. For instance, post-infectious immunemediated processes, direct virus infection of the central nervous system (CNS), and virus-induced hyper-inflammatory and hypercoagulable states are commonly involved. Due to multifactorial and complicated pathogenic mechanisms, COVID-19 poses a large-scale threat to the whole nervous system. A complete understanding of SARS-CoV-2 neurological impairments is still lacking, but our knowledge base is rapidly expanding. Therefore, we anticipate that this comprehensive review will provide valuable insights in unfolding different neurological dimensions of COVID-19 and other CoV associated abnormalities.