A Critical Review of Hybrid Solar-Biomass Renewable Energy System for Sustainable Rural Development in Nigeria - Abstract
Nigeria has the largest population in Africa making it a crucial participant in reaching the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) established by the United Nations. However, sustainable development in Nigeria demands an emphasis on Sustainable Development Goal No. 7 (affordable and clean energy) and other climate change mitigationrelated goals. Nigeria has considerable potential for solar and biomass resources. Renewable energy technologies are well-suited for off-grid services since they eliminate the need to create or upgrade expensive and complex grid infrastructure to reach remote places. The usage of renewable energy sources has increased the popularity of hybrid systems. Due to the lack of access to affordable, reliable, and sustainable energy sources, it is challenging to enhance the quality of life in rural regions of developing communities in Nigeria and Africa. These regions meet their energy needs using diesel and kerosene, which are very polluting compared to renewable energy sources. This study thoroughly reviewed hybrid renewable energy systems (HRESs) that stabilize renewables' intermittent nature to energize rural locations without access to the power grid. Hybridizing solar and biomass energy may increase energy efficiency while mitigating some disadvantages of both systems. This article gives a complete review of the hybrid solar biomass system technologies currently available. According to the findings, as biomass feedstock and solar thermal costs decrease, and fossil fuel prices rise, hybrid solar biomass power plants will become more economically feasible and thus be considered the most cost-efficient way to offer "high quality" community energy services in rural areas.