Review on the Organic Agriculture as a Strategy for Achieving Food Self-Sufficiency - Abstract
Organic Agriculture is a production system which avoids or largely excludes, the use of synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, growth regulators, and livestock feed additives. It is proposed as a promising approach to achieving sustainable food systems, but its feasibility is also contested. We use a food systems model that addresses agronomic characteristics of organic agriculture to analyze the role that organic agriculture could play in sustainable food systems. Among the basic types of organic agriculture vermicomposting and bio fertilizers are the latest technologies that farmers did not used widely for production. Hence, uses of the latest technologies are very important to achieve food self-sufficiency and the policy should focus on small scale-organic agriculture in addition to promote commercial agriculture. Specifically, the government should control land use for organic agriculture, improve the efficiency of water management and other supports, stimulate awareness of natural resource and environment conservation and encourage activities to maintain community culture of helping one another. Therefore, this review paper was highlighted organic agriculture as a strategy for achieving food self-sufficiency.