Studying the Structural Properties of Lead Tetroxide Pb3o4 Doped Tin Oxide SnO2 for Different Ratios X = 0, 0.3, 0.5 - Abstract
Pb3O4 doped tin oxide (SnO?) transparent conducting powder was prepared by the solid state reaction method. Structural properties of the samples were investigated as a function of various Pb3O4-doping levels (x=0.0-0.3-0.5). The results of x-ray diffraction have shown that the sampIes are polycrystalline structure in tetragonal phase with preferential orientations along the (110) for SnO? Pure but for Pb3O4 doped SnO? change to (332). The distance between crystalline planes (d), grain size (D) and lattice parameters( a, c) and primary cell volume V were determined.The measurements also showed that the average grain size D for the pure compound of tin oxide is 11.877 nm, while the average grain size D for the dopant ratios (30, 50 wt%) are respectively is (16.111, 13.116 nm), the average grain size D of sample 50% was closest to the pure tin oxide .Doping with lead oxide Pb3O4 increases the value of the crystal lattice constants a and the constant compound. Which leads as a result to an increase in the volume of the primary cell volume V when the ratios of dopant x% is increased.