Comparative Morphology of Chronic and Rapidly Progressive Periodontitis - Abstract
In most cases, periodontal diseases are inflammatory lesions of the gum and underlying tissues. These diseases are caused by plaque bacteria, highly organized microbial biofilm, and are often chronic (various forms of gingivitis and periodontitis). When immune response is weakened periodontitis develops rapidly and aggressively. For early diagnosis and isolation of risk groups of patients with a rapidly progressive process it is important to determine the morphological features of various forms of periodontitis. To compare morphological changes with different forms of periodontal pathology, histological examination of 64 gingival biopsies was carried out. Histological examination of gingival biopsy specimens of patients with different course of periodontal pathology showed that in the periodontal tissues in 100% of the cases of observation there were signs of chronic productive inflammation of varying severity. Morphological changes in the soft tissues of periodontal disease in patients with various clinical forms of pathology (fast-progressive periodontitis and chronic form of periodontitis) are of similar nature.