Anthelmentic Resistance of Ovine Fasciolosis at Small Holder Farmers in Debre Birhan District, North Shawo Zone, Amhara Region Central Ethiopia - Abstract
Filed experimental trial was conducted; starting from December to April 2013 for five months in Debre Birhan districts, North Showa zone, Amhara Region Central Ethiopia, to evaluate effectiveness of the anthelmintic drug. A field experiment study was used, 40 sheep selected and divided into four groups. The fecal sample was collected before as well as after treated and to examine by Modified McMaster method. The data was managed by descriptive statistics of SPSS, one way ANOVAs. The faecal egg count reduction test was commonly used for anthelmintics drugs resistance. The overall result, the efficiency of the tested anthelmintic was 81.4% triclabendazole, 63.2% albendazole and 38.2% tetraclozana; this indicates the occurrence of drug resistance. Significance difference (p<0.05) between control and treated groups. Efficiency of the tested anthelmintics drugs below the standard, therefore Fasciola infection developed resistance in the study area. However, among the tested anthelmintics Triclabendazole was more effective to treated Fasciolosis. One way ANOVAs result indicted that sum of squares & mean squares of Fasciola faecal egg count among treated and non-treated groups was statistically significantly (p=0.000) but among non-treated group difference was no statistically significance (p=0.926).