Assisted Cycle Therapy Improved Executive and Motor Functioning in Young Adult Females with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder: A Pilot Study - Abstract
Research is limited on the link between exercise and motor function in the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), population and has not been examined following Assisted Cycle Therapy (ACT). Five adult females with ADHD (age = 21.4 + 2.3), were randomized into either 30 minute Voluntary cycling (VC), or Assisted Cycling Therapy (ACT). Cycling exercise was performed 3x/week for six weeks. Voluntary cycling consisted of cycling sessions at a voluntary rate and the ACT consisted of cycling sessions at an assisted rate from a motor 35% greater than their voluntary rate. Within the ACT group improvements were demonstrated pre and post 6 weeks in activation, planning, effort, attention, memory, and bimanual dexterity. These results are discussed with respect to neurotrophic factors in the prefrontal cortex. Assisted Cycle Therapy is effective for improving executive and motor functioning in young adult females with ADHD, which will improve the quality of their life.