Enthusiasm to Acceptance of SARS_COV_2 Vaccine among Health Care Workers in Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. An Online Based Cross-Sectional Study, 2021 - Abstract
Background: The COVID-19 pandemic is expected to continue to impose enormous burdens of morbidity and mortality while severely disrupting societies and economies worldwide. Vaccines are a key strategy to stop the escalation of the COVID-19 pandemic. Vaccines are the effective way to control and prevent a several diseases, save lives, and reducing current health emergency, as well as increasing the immunity of the population. Objective: To find out eagerness to acceptance of SARS-COV-2 vaccine among health care workers in Oromia regional state, Ethiopia: An online-based cross-sectional study Methods: An online based cross sectional study design was carried out from April 13/2021 to September 12/2021. Data was collected through employing online questioner, and then the collected data were coded and analyzed by statistical packages for social sciences 25.0 version statistical software. The statistical significance was set at a p-value ?0.05. Findings: The current study revealed that 178(42.2%) of health care workers intended to receive the SARS-COV-2 vaccines. The results of this study showed that the majority of participants don’t believe that SARS-COV-2 vaccine is effective and safe (n=279.66.1%),and couldn’t save lives (n=228,54.1%). Factors such as age group >55(AOR:2.75;95%CI: 1.092-5.472;P=0.008),Male(AOR:1.86; 95%CI: 1.243-2.796;P=0.003),nurses (AOR: 2.17;95%CI:0.621- 5.087;P=0.0094) and midwives (AOR:2.521;95%CI:2.497-8.24; P=0.0002),married (AOR:1.74;95%CI: 0.218-4.530;P=0.006), health care workers who had contact with COVID -19 patient were twice as likely to accept the vaccine (AOR:1.93;95%CI: 1.360- 3.784;P=0.0001) and health care workers who indicated that they had more serious medical condition (AOR:2.61;95%CI:0.981-3.618;P=0.007) proved to be significant predictors of the acceptability of the COVID-19 vaccine. Factors such as taking vitamin C(AOR:1.624;95%CI:0.945-2.596;P=0.0003), poor safety of vaccines (AOR: 7.041;95%CI:3.692- 13.375;P=0.000),those believe effective medicine avail for treating COVID-19 (AOR:2.16;95%CI:1.596-3.485; P=0.0076), no adequate trials about COVID-19 (AOR:7.041;95%CI:3.692-13.375;P=0.000),and unwanted side effects of the vaccines (AOR: 3.422;95%CI:1.448-8.096;P=0.005) were identified as indicators why health care workers would decline uptake of COVID-19 vaccines. Conclusion and recommendation: This survey revealed that the eagerness to acceptance of covid-19 vaccine among health care workers in Oromia regional state was somewhat meager. Nurses and Midwives were more likely to accept the SARS-COV-2vaccines than others health care workers. Oromia health bureau should have to give training about SARS-COV-2vaccine to all health care workers to strengthen SARS-CoV-2 vaccine acceptance.