Annals of Aquaculture and Research

Incidental Catch of Mollusks Associated with Shrimp Fishery in the Gulf of Tehuantepec, Southern Mexican Pacific

Short Communication | Open Access

  • 1. Departamento de Ecología-CUCBA, Universidad de Guadalajara, México
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Corresponding Authors
Eduardo Ríos-Jara, Departamento de Ecología-CUCBA, Universidad de Guadalajara, Carretera a Nogales km 15.5, 45110, Las Agujas Nextipac, Zapopan, Jalisco, México, Tel: 52-33-3777-1150

This study presents the species of bivalves and gastropods of commercial interest and potential use recorded in 33 sampling stations in the Gulf of Tehuantepec, southern Mexican Pacific. The collections were performed with a trawling net on board of the shrimp vessel FIPESCO 63. The relative abundance and the biological value index (BVI) of every species was calculated as an indicator of the importance of the mollusks based on the abundance and frequency of the species in the samples. A total of 832 individuals of 59 species (18 bivalves, 41 gastropods) from which most are of commercial or potential interest. The most abundant were Argopectenirradians, Harpacrenata, Granolariasalmo, Ficusventricosa, Crepidulaexcavata, Hexaplexbrassica, Malearingens, Crucibulumlignarium, Fusinusdupetitthouarsi,Tonna sp., Olivasplendidula, Melongenapatula, Conuspatricius and Crucibulumpersonatum. Comments and suggestions are made on the present use of the species and the possibilities of exploitation in aquaculture and fishery taken into consideration previous experiences with these and other species in different regions of the Mexican Pacific and the rest of the world.


Ríos-Jara E, Galván-Villa CM, Ayón-Parente M, Rodríguez-Zaragoza FA, Díaz-Pérez L (2016) Incidental Catch of Mollusks Associated with Shrimp Fishery in the Gulf of Tehuantepec, Southern Mexican Pacific. Ann Aquac Res 3(1): 1016.


•    By-catch
•    Shrimp fishing
•    Environmental Impact
•    Mollusks
•    Mexican Pacific


BVI: Biological Value Index; TI: Total number of Individuals collected from all samples; RA: Relative Abundance; ARA: Accumulative Relative Abundance


Incidental catch of non-target species has been a major concern because there are many associated environmental impacts and socio-economic issues including the capture of juveniles of ecologically important and economically valuable species, coastal habitat degradation, illegal trawling and conflicts between artisanal and industrial fisheries. It has been estimated that one quarter of the total catch of the world fisheries is discarded annually [1]. Shrimp fishing, especially trawling in tropical regions, produces large amounts of by-catch that is discarded causing a major impact on benthic populations. Bycatch usually refers to non-target captured organisms, which are retained for sale or use, while discards are unusable or unwanted ones that are thrown back to sea because of either low value or regulatory requirements [2]. Shrimp by-catch often includes not only the juveniles of important commercial fish species but also shellfish (crustaceans and mollusks) most of which are discharged. Recently, Davis et al., [3] remarked the importance of redefining the term by-catch because perceptions of target and non-target catch vary widely, impeding efforts to estimate by-catch globally. They propose a new definition as “Bycatch is catch that is either unused or unmanaged”. According to this definition, unused catch is that which is not used for consumption, sold for any purpose, or reused by the fisher as bait. It includes discards (that portion of the catch that is thrown overboard) and wasted catch after landing that is neither sold nor directly consumed. The unmanaged refers to catch, whether categorized as individual species or groups of different species that does not have specific management to ensure the take is sustainable. Applying this definition to global marine fisheries data conservatively indicates that by-catch represents 40.4 % of global marine catches, exposing systemic gaps in fisheries policy and management. Quantification of the unused or unmanaged catches give a better approximation of how much by-catch is being retained and which fisheries are causing the greatest impacts, thereby allowing an understanding of the effect this biomass removal is having on the marine environment. Shrimp fishing in Mexico takes place in the Pacific, Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean, by both artisanal and industrial fleets. A vast number of small fishing vessels use many types of gear to catch shrimp.

The larger offshore shrimp vessels, numbering about 2,212 traw using either two nets (Pacific side) or four nets (Atlantic side). In 2003, shrimp production in Mexico of 123,905 t came from three sources: 21.26 % from artisanal fisheries, 28.41 % from industrial fisheries and 50.33 % from aquaculture activities. Shrimp is the basis of the most important fishery commodity in Mexico in terms of value, exports and employment. Catches of Mexican Pacific shrimp appear to have reached their maximum. It is generally recognized that overcapacity is a problem in the various shrimp fleets [4-6]. The National Fisheries Institute of Mexico carried out a series of studies on by-catch from 1956. Results were reported by Rosales [7], Chávez and Arvizu [8], Chapa [9], Grande-Vidal and Díaz [10], Corripio [11], and Grande-Vidal [12-15]. These studies showed that 60–63% of the by-catch from the shrimp fishing fleets on both coasts was composed of various species of fish, with the remainder being crustaceans, mollusks and echinoderms. The authors found that the proportion of by-catch to shrimp was 9:1 on the Pacific coast and 3:1 in the Gulf of Mexico. However, discards have a potential economic value so the utilization of these organisms will increase as demand for protein escalates and their retention and processing becomes more economically viable. In particular, the mollusks from the Mexican tropical Pacific are abundant and very diverse with many species of commercial interest. In the coastline of the Gulf of Tehuantepec, mollusks are harvest by hand in coastal lagoons and estuaries by the coastal inhabitants for their own consumption, and for local or regional marketing. Few species are obtained from the incidental catches of shrimp fishery activities. There are no recent evaluations of the specific composition and frequency of mollusks in the incidental catches of the commercial shrimp fishery from the Gulf of Tehuantepec (southern Mexican Pacific) to have more detailed evidence on the current and potential importance of these mollusks in the region. Therefore, the present work provides basic information that may aid to more detailed future studies on this topic.


The Gulf of Tehuantepec is located in the southern Mexican Pacific and includes the coastline of the states of Chiapas and Oaxaca. This region has estuaries and coastal lagoons with mangroves and long sandy beaches along an approximate extension of 787 km [16] (Figure 1). The continental shelf is wide and homogeneous (50 - 80 km) with an approximate total area of 117,439 km2.

Mollusks were collected during a research campaign for the evaluation of the shrimp resource, on board of the vessel FIPESCO 63 used for the commercial shrimp fishery activities in June 2004. A otter bottom trawl net with mesh size of 50.8mm and total length of 24 m) was used. Trawls were performed in 55 sampling stations at depths between 14 and 65 m from Puerto Chiapas (14°41’17’’N - 92°28’74’’O) to Salina Cruz, Oaxaca (16°00’53’’N - 95°7’74’’O). Trawling time was of 35-79 min, with a velocity of 20.3-99.7 m/min along a distance of 1,220-6,580 m per trawl.

Taxonomic identification of mollusks was made with specialized bibliography [17,18]. Taxonomic changes and recent updates according to Skoglund [19,20], and the World Register of Marine Species [21]. The relative abundance of every species was estimated by calculating the ratio between the number of specimens of each species and the total number of specimens of all species collected. In addition, the biological value index (BVI) [22,23], of every species was calculated as an indicator of the importance of the mollusks based on the abundance and frequency of the species in the samples. A reference collection was set up with all the locality information in the Laboratory of Marine Ecosystems and Aquaculture at the Department of Ecology, University of Guadalajara, México. Voucher specimens were also deposited in this laboratory.


The mollusks are among the most diverse invertebrates in the coastal tropical environments and the vast majority are found intertidally, in estuaries and coastal lagoons, and in the shallow areas on the continental shelf. Recently, Ríos-Jara et al., [24] made the largest compilation of bivalves and gastropods recorded in the shoreline and continental shelf of the Gulf of Tehuantepec with 213 species (103 bivalves and 111 gastropods). There is certainly a different group of species living in the deeper parts of the shelf but their composition is still not well documented. Indeed, studies on the bathymetric distribution of mollusks in other regions of the Mexican tropical Pacific have shown that the number of species remains relatively high across the shelf as far as the100m depth [24-26].

In the present study, mollusks were recorded in 42 of the 55 sampling stations of the continental shelf between 14 and 47 m with a total of 832 individuals and 59 species. Most specimens (>95%) were collected alive. The bivalves (clams, oysters, cockles, mussels, scallops) were more abundant (525 individuals) than the gastropods (limpets, cup-snails, true snails) (266 individuals) but with lower diversity (bivalves 18 species, gastropods 41) (Table 1). All these species are part of the incidental catches associated to the shrimp fishery in the Mexican Pacific although most of them are not used as food or their shells as art crafts.

Fourteen species had biological value indices higher than 20 points indicating these are quite abundant and frequent in the samples. The scallop Argopectenirradians (Lamarck, 1819) (= A. circularis) was the most abundant species in all samples with more than 90 % of all mollusks. It was collected in aggregations of > 200 live scallops at depths between 14-46 m. Among the gastropods, 13 species had high BVI values ( ≥ 33); these represent > 80 % of all gastropods collected: Harpacrenata Swainson, 1822, Granolariasalmo (Wood, 1828), Ficusventricosa (G. B. Sowerby I, 1825), Crepidulaexcavata (Broderip, 1834), Hexaplexbrassica (Lamarck, 1822), Malearingens (Swainson, 1822), Crucibulumlignarium (Broderip, 1834), Fusinusdupetitthouarsi (Kiener, 1840), Tonna sp., Olivasplendidula G. B. Sowerby I, 1825, Melongenapatula( Broderip & Sower by, 1829), Conuspatricius Hinds, 1843, and Crucibulumpersonatum Keen, 1958. All specimens, except for the cup-and-saucer snails C. excavata, C. lignarium, and C. personatum, were of considerable size with very attractive shells, which may be used in art crafts and are very appreciated in shell collections.

The scallop A. irradians, known in Mexico as catarina clam, is an important fishery resource of high commercial value due to its good taste and beautiful shells frequently used in art crafts. However, the species has reduced populations due to heavy exploitation in Baja California where it is an important fishery [27,28]. Precisely in this region, the species has now a regulated exploitation according to official policies for the protection of endangered species (NOM-004-PESC-1993). Since 1977, there has been an experimental and commercial effort to further developing the mariculture of scallops in Mexico, including A. irradians, in the southern Baja California region by the Secretaría de Pesca and the Marine Cultures Company [29].

The thorny oyster Spondyluslimbatus G. B. Sowerby II, 1847 (= S. calcifer), known in México as almejaburra, is the largest species of Spondylus in America with good potential to be used as food. According to Villalejo-Fuerte et al., [28], this oyster has an abductor muscle of almost 50% of the total weight of the soft part of the oyster. However, since the early 1980´s, the banks in shallow waters (< 15 m depth) of this oyster are over-exploited or even depleted by sport and commercial divers [27], and in 2001, S. limbatus was included as a protected species in México (NOM059-ECOL-2001). This is a very attractive species that should be included in recent programs of aquaculture; probably the known technology for seed production and fixation of larvae in oyster farming may be adapted to this particular species.

Other important mollusks that were common in the incidental catch during shrimp fishery in the Gulf of Tehuantepec were the Panama harp H. crenata, which was abundant (34 individuals) and frequent in the sampling stations (45.5%) at depths between 28-45 m; the crown conch Melongenapatula with an attractive shell that reaches a length of 75-250 mm; and the salmon horse conch Granolariasalmo with a shell size 80- 150 mm. These snails together with several species of the family Muricidae [e.g. Hexaplexbrassica, Hexaplexnigritus (Philippi, 1845), Hexaplexradix (Gmelin, 1791), Vokesimurexrecurvirostris (Broderip, 1833)] are frequently used when collected alive. These species are selected and stored frozen in bags in the lower deck warehouse of the vessel for a later sale in Puerto Chiapas or Salina Cruz, when the refrigerator capacity permits their storage depending on the amount of shrimp caught.

Most of the large to medium sized species of several abundant gastropods belonging to families Conidae, Fasciolaridae, Ficidae, Olividae, Naticidae, Calyptraeidae, and Tonnidae should also be harvested during the selection of shrimps on the deck of the vessel to be used as food and their shells in crafts or as pieces of ornamental value. This may be worth doing instead of discarding them to the sea already dead or badly damaged. In this group are the snails Ficusventricosa, Malearingens, Fusinusdupetitthouarsi,Tonna sp., Olivasplendidula, Conuspatricius, Olivaincrassata (Lightfoot, 1786), Conusrecurvus Broderip, 1833, Conasprellatornata (G. B. Sowerby I, 1833), Stigmaulaxelenae (Récluz, 1844), Calyptraeamamillaris, Conuspoormani. Calyptraeamamillaris Broderip, 1834, and Conuspoormani Berry, 1968.

Regarding the composition of the incidental catches associated with the shrimp fishery, recent evaluations in the Mexican Pacific indicate that mollusks are the third group in importance after the fish and crustaceans [30]. In the Gulf of California estimations of 150,000 t/year of by-catches include 3-8% of mollusks (31 species) [31]; and in the Gulf of Tehuantepec the by-catch reported is more than 60% of the total catches [32]. Kelleher [33], cites estimates of by-catch in the form of discards in the Mexican shrimp trawl fishery of 119,000 tons, based on ratios of by-catch to target catch of 3:1 in the Gulf of California fishery, and 2:1 elsewhere. From the 1960s to the 1980s, the size of net mesh was reduced from 64 to 38 mm, and the size of the shrimp captured was reduced on average by 21 % [34]. For the 2000–2003 period, the estimate of 10 lb (by weight) of by-catch for every pound of shrimp caught was deemed applicable to the Mexican shrimp industry [35]. There are no estimations of marketed non-shrimp by-catch, so all but the shrimp catch is considered to be discarded. Mexico’s shrimp production averaged 57,000 tons from 2000 to 2003, so the average annual by-catch for Mexico is estimated at 570,000 tons. That represents 38 % of average total marine catch (including discards) of 1,500,000 tons [3].

Since 2012, Mexico has actively participated in the FAO/ GEF/UNDP project “Reduction of the Environmental Impact from Tropical Shrimp Trawling through the Introduction of By-catch Technologies and Change of Management”. This participation has included gear technology work, training of observers and transfer of technology to other Latin American countries [36]. Most technologies to reduce by-catch have involved placing a TEDs (Trawl Exclusion Device) or BRDs (By-catch Exclusion Device) in the cod end of the trawl. The modified network has proved to reduce incidental capture 21% on average compared to conventional networks [6]. For example, Sarmiento-Nafate et al., [37] compared by-catch using the conventional trawling net and a newly designed short funnel net, during nine cruises carried out by the commercial fleet operating in the Gulf of Tehuantepec, Mexico. A total of 480 trawls were done (mean duration: 85 min). The experimental trawls using the modified net produced a 21.13-28.86 % by-catch reduction, a 3 % increase of shrimp catch, and a significant reduction on net recovery time. However, all these efforts have not achieved complete success because there is no reliable information on which species are frequently part of the by-catch, what are their real volumes, how the species composition changes during the year and along in different regions. Without this information, it is difficult to establish successful strategies to promote the use of by-catches and to reduce the discards.

However, according to Eayrs [38], the issue of by-catch in tropical shrimp-trawl fisheries around the world, is not going away and fishermen will always be under pressure to reduce catches of non-target animals and non-living material. However, in many countries fishermen have already come a long way and by-catch has been dramatically reduced. TEDs are now used in most tropical shrimp-trawl. While the overall performance of these devices is not spectacular, at least some by-catch is being excluded. The future of by-catch reduction probably lies in better management of fishing activity and the development of effective BRDs. The management of fishing activity can be improved by introducing area or seasonal closures, particularly in locations that are nursery grounds for juvenile fish and other animals. In many countries this is already a commonly used option because it is immediately effective.

Finally, there have been many attempts to use the by-catches, such as the designing shrimp boats with an onboard plant to produce shellfish derived flour and fishmeal. There are examples of the use of non-commercial shrimp by-catch as raw material for the elaboration of traditional or non-traditional fish products including hamburgers, breaded fillet, pasta, and salami with an excellent presentation and good nutritional value [39,11,12,40]. Evaluations of the chemical composition and energy content of the shrimp by-catch from Veracruz (Gulf of Mexico) suggest used that at least 22 species of fish and one mollusk (squid) have good potential for human and livestock consumption [41]. However, nutritional composition (e.g. protein and lipid content) should vary depending on species, environment, sex, and season [42]. Again, it is desirable to perform more research to recognize alternatives to the use of shellfish associated with shrimp fisheries in the southern Mexican Pacific. Recent evidence from the countries of Central America and the Caribbean suggest that the amount of incidental catch that is now utilized in the region [1]. The trend for greater and more complete utilization of bycatch has been noted over the years and as Andrew and Pepperell [43,44], state, “It seems likely that the utilization of by-catch will increase as demand for protein escalates and the retention and processing of by-catch becomes more economically viable”.



There is a great diversity of mollusks associated to the shrimp in the Gulf of Tehuantepec (southern Mexican Pacific). Some of these species are being exploited but most of them are discarded even though they have potential use as human food or livestock consumption, and their shells in crafts or as pieces of ornamental value. The non-commercial shrimp by-catch, which today has little or no commercial value in the Gulf of Tehuantepec, may be worth used and become the main raw material for the elaboration of products based on shellfish derived flour and fishmeal. Other studies suggest they are an excellent raw material for the production of a variety of products for human or animal consumption and can supply a good amount of proteins.

Although significant efforts have been made to reduce bycatches and discards associated to shrimp fishery in Mexico, there is still a lack of information about the composition and abundance of mollusks associated with shrimp fishery, and on their seasonal and regional changes along the Mexican Pacific.


We thank Christian Tovilla (El Colegio de la Frontera Sur, UnidadTapachula), for his kind invitation to perform this research work in his laboratory and to Saul Sarmiento Nafate (Centro Regional de Investigaciones de Salina Cruz) for providing the mollusks collected on board the vessel FIPESCO 63. We are also grateful to Ceciel Navarro Caravantes for his help during preliminary taxonomic identification of mollusks. The Universidad de Guadalajara provided financial support for this research.


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Received : 01 Aug 2016
Accepted : 26 Aug 2016
Published : 28 Aug 2016
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JSM Arthritis
ISSN : 2475-9155
Launched : 2016
JSM Head and Neck Cancer-Cases and Reviews
ISSN : 2573-1610
Launched : 2016
JSM General Surgery Cases and Images
ISSN : 2573-1564
Launched : 2016
JSM Anatomy and Physiology
ISSN : 2573-1262
Launched : 2016
JSM Dental Surgery
ISSN : 2573-1548
Launched : 2016
Annals of Emergency Surgery
ISSN : 2573-1017
Launched : 2016
Annals of Mens Health and Wellness
ISSN : 2641-7707
Launched : 2017
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Health Care
ISSN : 2576-0084
Launched : 2018
Journal of Chronic Diseases and Management
ISSN : 2573-1300
Launched : 2016
Annals of Vaccines and Immunization
ISSN : 2378-9379
Launched : 2014
JSM Heart Surgery Cases and Images
ISSN : 2578-3157
Launched : 2016
Annals of Reproductive Medicine and Treatment
ISSN : 2573-1092
Launched : 2016
JSM Brain Science
ISSN : 2573-1289
Launched : 2016
JSM Biomarkers
ISSN : 2578-3815
Launched : 2014
JSM Biology
ISSN : 2475-9392
Launched : 2016
Archives of Stem Cell and Research
ISSN : 2578-3580
Launched : 2014
Annals of Clinical and Medical Microbiology
ISSN : 2578-3629
Launched : 2014
JSM Pediatric Surgery
ISSN : 2578-3149
Launched : 2017
Journal of Memory Disorder and Rehabilitation
ISSN : 2578-319X
Launched : 2016
JSM Tropical Medicine and Research
ISSN : 2578-3165
Launched : 2016
JSM Head and Face Medicine
ISSN : 2578-3793
Launched : 2016
JSM Cardiothoracic Surgery
ISSN : 2573-1297
Launched : 2016
JSM Bone and Joint Diseases
ISSN : 2578-3351
Launched : 2017
JSM Bioavailability and Bioequivalence
ISSN : 2641-7812
Launched : 2017
JSM Atherosclerosis
ISSN : 2573-1270
Launched : 2016
Journal of Genitourinary Disorders
ISSN : 2641-7790
Launched : 2017
Journal of Fractures and Sprains
ISSN : 2578-3831
Launched : 2016
Journal of Autism and Epilepsy
ISSN : 2641-7774
Launched : 2016
Annals of Marine Biology and Research
ISSN : 2573-105X
Launched : 2014
JSM Health Education & Primary Health Care
ISSN : 2578-3777
Launched : 2016
JSM Communication Disorders
ISSN : 2578-3807
Launched : 2016
Annals of Musculoskeletal Disorders
ISSN : 2578-3599
Launched : 2016
Annals of Virology and Research
ISSN : 2573-1122
Launched : 2014
JSM Renal Medicine
ISSN : 2573-1637
Launched : 2016
Journal of Muscle Health
ISSN : 2578-3823
Launched : 2016
JSM Genetics and Genomics
ISSN : 2334-1823
Launched : 2013
JSM Anxiety and Depression
ISSN : 2475-9139
Launched : 2016
Clinical Journal of Heart Diseases
ISSN : 2641-7766
Launched : 2016
Annals of Medicinal Chemistry and Research
ISSN : 2378-9336
Launched : 2014
JSM Pain and Management
ISSN : 2578-3378
Launched : 2016
JSM Women's Health
ISSN : 2578-3696
Launched : 2016
Clinical Research in HIV or AIDS
ISSN : 2374-0094
Launched : 2013
Journal of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity
ISSN : 2333-6692
Launched : 2013
Journal of Substance Abuse and Alcoholism
ISSN : 2373-9363
Launched : 2013
JSM Neurosurgery and Spine
ISSN : 2373-9479
Launched : 2013
Journal of Liver and Clinical Research
ISSN : 2379-0830
Launched : 2014
Journal of Drug Design and Research
ISSN : 2379-089X
Launched : 2014
JSM Clinical Oncology and Research
ISSN : 2373-938X
Launched : 2013
JSM Bioinformatics, Genomics and Proteomics
ISSN : 2576-1102
Launched : 2014
JSM Chemistry
ISSN : 2334-1831
Launched : 2013
Journal of Trauma and Care
ISSN : 2573-1246
Launched : 2014
JSM Surgical Oncology and Research
ISSN : 2578-3688
Launched : 2016
Annals of Food Processing and Preservation
ISSN : 2573-1033
Launched : 2016
Journal of Radiology and Radiation Therapy
ISSN : 2333-7095
Launched : 2013
JSM Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
ISSN : 2578-3572
Launched : 2016
Annals of Clinical Pathology
ISSN : 2373-9282
Launched : 2013
Annals of Cardiovascular Diseases
ISSN : 2641-7731
Launched : 2016
Journal of Behavior
ISSN : 2576-0076
Launched : 2016
Annals of Clinical and Experimental Metabolism
ISSN : 2572-2492
Launched : 2016
Clinical Research in Infectious Diseases
ISSN : 2379-0636
Launched : 2013
JSM Microbiology
ISSN : 2333-6455
Launched : 2013
Journal of Urology and Research
ISSN : 2379-951X
Launched : 2014
Journal of Family Medicine and Community Health
ISSN : 2379-0547
Launched : 2013
Annals of Pregnancy and Care
ISSN : 2578-336X
Launched : 2017
JSM Cell and Developmental Biology
ISSN : 2379-061X
Launched : 2013
Clinical Research in Pulmonology
ISSN : 2333-6625
Launched : 2013
Journal of Immunology and Clinical Research
ISSN : 2333-6714
Launched : 2013
Annals of Forensic Research and Analysis
ISSN : 2378-9476
Launched : 2014
JSM Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN : 2333-7109
Launched : 2013
Annals of Breast Cancer Research
ISSN : 2641-7685
Launched : 2016
Annals of Gerontology and Geriatric Research
ISSN : 2378-9409
Launched : 2014
Journal of Sleep Medicine and Disorders
ISSN : 2379-0822
Launched : 2014
JSM Burns and Trauma
ISSN : 2475-9406
Launched : 2016
Chemical Engineering and Process Techniques
ISSN : 2333-6633
Launched : 2013
Annals of Clinical Cytology and Pathology
ISSN : 2475-9430
Launched : 2014
JSM Allergy and Asthma
ISSN : 2573-1254
Launched : 2016
Journal of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
ISSN : 2334-2307
Launched : 2013
Annals of Sports Medicine and Research
ISSN : 2379-0571
Launched : 2014
JSM Sexual Medicine
ISSN : 2578-3718
Launched : 2016
Annals of Vascular Medicine and Research
ISSN : 2378-9344
Launched : 2014
JSM Biotechnology and Biomedical Engineering
ISSN : 2333-7117
Launched : 2013
Journal of Hematology and Transfusion
ISSN : 2333-6684
Launched : 2013
JSM Environmental Science and Ecology
ISSN : 2333-7141
Launched : 2013
Journal of Cardiology and Clinical Research
ISSN : 2333-6676
Launched : 2013
JSM Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine
ISSN : 2334-1815
Launched : 2013
Journal of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders
ISSN : 2475-9473
Launched : 2016
JSM Ophthalmology
ISSN : 2333-6447
Launched : 2013
Journal of Pharmacology and Clinical Toxicology
ISSN : 2333-7079
Launched : 2013
Annals of Psychiatry and Mental Health
ISSN : 2374-0124
Launched : 2013
Medical Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
ISSN : 2333-6439
Launched : 2013
Annals of Pediatrics and Child Health
ISSN : 2373-9312
Launched : 2013
JSM Clinical Pharmaceutics
ISSN : 2379-9498
Launched : 2014
JSM Foot and Ankle
ISSN : 2475-9112
Launched : 2016
JSM Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementia
ISSN : 2378-9565
Launched : 2014
Journal of Addiction Medicine and Therapy
ISSN : 2333-665X
Launched : 2013
Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Research
ISSN : 2378-931X
Launched : 2013
Annals of Public Health and Research
ISSN : 2378-9328
Launched : 2014
Annals of Orthopedics and Rheumatology
ISSN : 2373-9290
Launched : 2013
Journal of Clinical Nephrology and Research
ISSN : 2379-0652
Launched : 2014
Annals of Community Medicine and Practice
ISSN : 2475-9465
Launched : 2014
Annals of Biometrics and Biostatistics
ISSN : 2374-0116
Launched : 2013
JSM Clinical Case Reports
ISSN : 2373-9819
Launched : 2013
Journal of Cancer Biology and Research
ISSN : 2373-9436
Launched : 2013
Journal of Surgery and Transplantation Science
ISSN : 2379-0911
Launched : 2013
Journal of Dermatology and Clinical Research
ISSN : 2373-9371
Launched : 2013
JSM Gastroenterology and Hepatology
ISSN : 2373-9487
Launched : 2013
Annals of Nursing and Practice
ISSN : 2379-9501
Launched : 2014
JSM Dentistry
ISSN : 2333-7133
Launched : 2013
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