Annals of Nursing and Practice

Social Support in Confirmed Cases of Covid-19 in Alfenas-MG

Case Report | Open Access Issue 2379-9501
Article DOI :

  • 1. Federal University of Alfenas, School of Nursing - Alfenas (MG), Brazil
+ Show More - Show Less
Corresponding Authors
Simone Yuriko Kameo, Federal University of Alfenas, School of Nursing - Alfenas (MG), Brazil, Tel: 55-79 3632-2082

At the end of December 2019, at the Seafood Wholesale Market in Wuhan, China, a new variant of the Coronavirus emerged, which causes a respiratory infection capable of producing Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome 2 (SARS-CoV-2), characterizing the disease COVID-19 ( Coronavirus Disease 2019 ) [1].

One factor that contributed to SARS-CoV-2 becoming a global public health problem is its high potential for transmission, which occurs through fomites (contaminated inanimate materials that serve as a vehicle for transmission) and respiratory droplets from coughing. and/or sneezing (aerosol transmission). The concentration of viral particles in the environment is a determining factor for transmission to occur, with viral viability in aerosol dispersion having been demonstrated for three hours or more [2-4].

Due to this high transmission rate of the virus and its worldwide spread, the status of the disease has changed. On March 11, 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a pandemic. In Latin America, the first case was registered in Brazil on February 25, 2020 by the Brazilian Ministry of Health [1].

With the arrival of COVID-19 in Brazil, several measures to control and prevent the disease were adopted by local health authorities in different administrative spheres (federal, state and municipal governments), aiming to reduce the spread of the virus. Social physical distancing was the most encouraged measure in all continents affected by the pandemic, as a strategy to contain the speed of contamination, with the aim of not overloading health systems and favoring care for serious cases. However, such distancing caused numerous changes in people’s lives, generating impacts on economic, emotional, psychological and social aspects [5].

Given this scenario, COVID-19 is a public health problem, with serious implications for public health, which causes changes in the population’s lifestyle, especially with regard to social interactions between peers, given the recommendation of the physical distancing for virus prevention and containment [6].

This process of social distancing was generally understood by the population and the media, in practice, as social isolation [5-7], which has had an impact, especially on people’s quality of life. When investigating the immediate impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health, habits and quality of life among adults in mainland China, a study revealed that one week after the blockade of Wuhan imposed by the Chinese government, they found an association of the phenomenon with impact stressful on people [8].

With the COVID-19 pandemic, the isolation measures imposed, such as the so-called quarantine, caused many daily activities to be interrupted or modified, especially those involving human relationships, forcing adaptations for which many people were not prepared. These changes had consequences for people’s psychological well-being and quality of life, causing sadness, panic, and a lot of mental stress. In this sense, broad, negative and possibly long-lasting psychological outcomes (anger, confusion and post-traumatic stress symptoms) may be associated with the length of quarantine; fear of infection; to frustration and boredom; inadequate supplies and inadequate information [9].

This context subjected the population, especially people who were diagnosed with COVID-19, to face many adversities arising from this health crisis. Economic issues, the reality of hunger, misery, social abandonment, the situation of street populations, institutionalized elderly people, refugees, show the social and personal vulnerability felt by the visible finitude with the high numbers of deaths due to the disease [10,11].

In view of this scenario, the stress caused to the population is significant, including feelings of fear, impotence and insecurity in the face of COVID-19; perception of the fragility of the structure of the health system; presence of socioeconomic factors that compromise food security and exposes a complex network of basic aspects of life [10,11].

To cope with this stress experienced during COVID-19, social support is used, which is characterized by ties of affection, consideration, trust, among others, that connect people who share social life and who can exercise influence on the behavior and perception of those who make up the social network. Social support is offered by available social networks, such as: family, friends, neighbors and professionals, who can help in different ways: providing material or financial support, performing household chores, taking care of children and offering emotional support [12].

In this sense, it is known that this type of support promotes the adaptation of individuals when they are faced with adverse situations, such as those imposed by the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Social support has a direct impact on subjective wellbeing, in addition to promoting health recovery and, above all, improving the emotional aspects affected by the disease [13].


This cross-sectional study is a cohort study subproject entitled “Study of confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Minas Gerais”.

Study Population

The study population consisted of residents in the municipality of Alfenas-MG, diagnosed with Covid-19 in the period from March 15 to October 26, 2020, identified from the compulsory notification record of the State Department of Health of Minas Gerais . With this, the reference population for the study consisted of the 1,923 first confirmed cases of SARS-CoV-2 in Alfenas-MG.

The following inclusion criteria were considered: adults and elderly people (age equal to or greater than 20 years), residents of Alfenas-MG, confirmed cases of COVID-19 through laboratory tests, who did not reside in a nursing home and who did not evolved to death. Among those eligible, there were 1,459 cases that had not been hospitalized and 107 people with a history of hospitalization, totaling 1,566 people who met the inclusion criteria. Thus, from the initial list obtained, 110 elderly residents of a local asylum institution were disregarded, 189 people under the age of 20 years, 21 people with no registered age, 35 cases of death and two duplicate registrations, totaling 357 exclusions.

Composition of the Study Sample

Stratified and proportional random sampling was then considered for the sample calculation and random selection of study participants, with age group and hospitalization as strata. The sample was calculated considering all 107 patients hospitalized in Alfenas-MG until the aforementioned period and adding, in a 2.5:1 ratio, cases from the community. 20% of losses due to refusals or other causes were contemplated. Thus, it was estimated that a sample of 428 participants was necessary. The estimated number gave the sample a power (1- β) equivalent to 88%.

Social Support Scale - EAS/MOSS-SSS (SOCIAL SUPPORT - AS)

The Medical Outcome Study was developed by Sherbourne & Stewart in 1991 [14]. The scale was validated for Brazil by Griep et al. in 2005[15]. The Social Support Scale MOS-SSS (Social Support Scale) assesses the extent to which the person has support from others to face different situations in their life. It was developed for chronic patients, but due to its ease of application, it has been used in other populations. Consisting of 19 five-factor items, identified as social support of the emotional, informational, material, affective and positive social interaction type, and internal consistency indexes greater than 0.91 [14], answered using a Likert-type scale of five points where: 0 (“never”); 1 (“rarely”); 2 (“sometimes”); 3 (“almost always”) and 4 (“always”). So far, there are no standardization studies for the Brazilian population, so it is assumed that higher indices in the total score of the respective factors indicate a greater perception of the type of support [16].

The Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Scale (EAS/ MOSS-SSS) aims to assess how much support each person has to face stressful situations. The scale was developed for the Medical Outcomes Study by Sherbourne and Stewart (1991) [14], and adapted for the Brazilian population in the Pró Saúde study in Rio de Janeiro [15].

The instrument consists of 19 questions, in which the participant must answer from an initial instruction: “If you need it, how often do you count with someone?”. The participant can select one of the five possible answers according to a fivepoint Likert scale: 1 (never); 2 (rarely); 3 (sometimes); 4 (almost always) and 5 (always). The scale has five dimensions of social support: (1) material (provision of practical resources and material help); (2) affective (physical displays of love and affection); (3) positive social interaction (having people to relax and have fun with); (4) emotional (ability of the social network to satisfy individual needs in relation to emotional problems); and (5) information (counting on people who advise, inform and guide) [16].

Despite the scarcity of standardization studies for the Brazilian population, the highest rates of the respective factors configure a greater perception of the type of support. It is noteworthy that, for the sum of the total score, it is not necessary to invert any item [16].

Data Processing

Information collected during face-to-face and remote interviews was automatically transferred via electronic questionnaire to the KoBo Toolbox platform where they were stored. Subsequently, the data were exported to an electronic spreadsheet in Excel format and, subsequently, transferred to the Stata software, version 13.1. For each batch of 50/100 records, the database was subjected to internal consistency tests (assessment of information quality and pattern of missing data). Once this phase was concluded, the final stage of data management was reserved for the definitive categorization of the original variables and the generation of new variables.

Statistical Analysis

The study population was characterized according to sociodemographic factors and aspects related to social support. For characterization, absolute (N) and relative (%) distribution indicators were used, medians (50th percentile), mean values and respective standard deviations.

Ethical Aspects

This study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the proposing institution, according to CAAE nº 34746620.6.0000.5142 and Opinion nº 4.317.149, of October 02, 2020. Each participant recorded, by physical or electronic means, their agreement to participate in the study, via the Free and Informed Consent Form. The procedures adopted in this research obeyed the Criteria of Ethics in Research with Human Beings, according to Resolution n°466/12 of the National Council of Health System (CNS).

Social Support and Covid-19

The support network can be understood as the resources made available by people in a situation of individual need and its evaluation can provide information on social integration and interpersonal relationships in times of crisis[15]. Social support represents ways of coping with stressful situations and contributes to the individual response, and can be measured through perception in different areas such as material, emotional or affective [14,17].

Social support is defined as assistance between people with mutual recognition in material and/or information format. It is a reciprocal process with positive effects for those involved. Thus, it allows people to have more sense of control over their lives and an interrelation between them [18].

Social support is configured as one of the dimensions of the stress theory, associated with the characteristics of the stressors, coping strategies and assessment of the situation [19]. It should be noted, however, that social support lacks specificity for its conceptual definition. To identify the perception of social support, it is important to assess the quality, availability, types and perspective of this support [20].

The support structure offered presents a qualitative and functional orientation of the social network [21]. This is understood as shared relationships between people and makes up the identity of the subjects, as it contributes to the feeling of belonging among them. As examples, social networks can involve family members, friends, neighbors and professionals who contribute to the development of possible activities of the individual, such as household chores, child care and financial organization.

Social networks can act during health-disease processes as a source of care and help in adherence to treatment. Thus, they play an important role in health promotion [15]. Having someone who offers social support in times of stress and crisis situations favors better coping. The lower this support, the greater the individual’s susceptibility to the disease with an impact on the morbidity and mortality of the population [13,22,23].

The pandemic, as a mark of crisis, represented a moment when social support became fundamental. With the social isolation measures, there was a significant change in the population’s lifestyle and impact on current social networks. Among individuals from vulnerable groups, facing the challenges of the pandemic was more difficult, mainly due to the lack of resources and social protection [24].


Of the 428 confirmed cases of COVID-19 residing in the municipality of Alfenas/MG, allocated for interviews, 211 were lost for different reasons (Table 1). Considering only “refusals” and “three or more unsuccessful attempts”, the non-response rate was equivalent to 25.5% (38+71)/428, excluding registration filling errors, false positive cases and Deaths.

Regarding the socioeconomic profile of the study population, women represented 55.8% of the sample and men 44.2%. The age groups were 4.1% (20-29 years old), 9.7% (30-39 years old), 15.7% (40 to 49 years old), 30% (60 to 69 years old), 17 .5% (70 to 79 years old) and 5.5% (80 years old or more). In this way, we can see that most of the interviews were composed of women aged between 60 and 69 years. Regarding marital status, 69.1% are with a partner. Regarding schooling, 13.8% studied between 0-3 years, 34.2% between 4-7 years, 29% between 8-12 years and 23% had 13 years or more of regular study.

With regard to housing, 57.6% have a family density of 0.5 to 1 person per room, with 39.2% of respondents living with their spouse and child. Regarding the work situation, 46.1% of the sample worked in the last 3 months, in addition to 37.3% being retired, 10.6% housewives, 4.1% unemployed, 1.4% on leave and 0.5 % students. The per capita income of the study population showed very similar percentages, with 32.3% with income < R$ 712.66, 33.3% with income between R$ 712.66 and R$ 1156.33 and 34.4% ≥ BRL 1156.33. Respondents rated the current economic situation as Good by 39.6% and Regular by 36.9%. Therefore, the study sample is characterized by a majority of elderly women, married and with good housing conditions and a balanced financial situation (Table 2).

When using the EAS MOS-SSS Social Support Scale, the results showed an average of 4.1 (sd 5.7) relatives they can count on and trust and 4.1 (sd 15.3) close friends. We can see that the standard deviation was high for these data, demonstrating that there was a lot of diversity of answers.

The social support network acts as a means of support in coping with adversities, including reducing people’s vulnerabilities in stressful situations [24]. In the context of the pandemic, vulnerable groups drew attention because they had a worse prognosis when compared to the rest of the population. The elderly, people with chronic diseases and people who lack social protection were considered the main risk groups [24].

In the midst of the pandemic, the elderly showed a significant change in their life organization, with significant impacts on the development of daily activities and social bonds. Considering this scenario, such restructuring resulted in two profiles of elderly people, one group with greater functional dependence and the other with subjects who found greater autonomy [24]. In addition to age, gender dimensions also implied the way of coping with the pandemic [24].

In addition to age, gender dimensions also implied the way of coping with the pandemic [24]. This study demonstrated a higher prevalence of women. Regarding social aspects, the literature describes greater social support among females, which may be related to greater participation of women in community activities [25]. In addition, a greater adherence of women is observed when it comes to matters related to health care.

Another point that draws attention, in terms of the difference between genders in the pandemic, is the increase in cases resulting from domestic violence in the female population [24]. In addition, traditional gender values have contributed to a division of domestic tasks burdening women. This gender hierarchy perspective also favors the question that men find more social support in their marital relationships than women [24,26].

Having a support network is related to the reduction of cases of violence. Therefore, these facts raise the urgent need for social support for women, including multiple protection actions incorporated into public policies [24].

It should be noted that the support network can offer social, material, affective, informative or social interaction help, becoming essential in preventing vulnerabilities due to the pandemic. In this sense, the social support received contributes positively to the quality of life [24,27].

Regarding the type of support, the most cited were social and material support, indicating a greater perception of the presence of people who share moments of distraction, as well as people who offer practical support measures, respectively. The types of affective, emotional and informational support presented evaluation levels close to social and material supports, which demonstrates that the research participants considered having a network of people who show loving feelings, share concerns and provide information [16].

Regarding social support, this represented an important support to the participants, through different material, informational or emotional resources, as well as from different sources such as friends, family and co-workers. It is worth noting that this positive effect of social support reflects on health and is related to a better perception of the individual’s quality of life.



Regarding the perception of social support, despite the diversity of responses, it is clear that most people reported to family and friends as a bond of trust to meet their needs. It should be noted that the support network can offer social, material, affective, informative or social interaction help, becoming essential in preventing vulnerabilities due to the pandemic. In this sense, the social support received contributes positively to the quality of life.

As limitations of the study, we point out the cross-sectional design and the number of losses that occurred. Future studies are suggested on mental health complications and the impact on quality of life in people who became ill with COVID-19, especially in the long term.

  1. Pereira MD, de Oliveira CG, Tavares Costa CF, de Oliveira Bezerra CM. A pandemia de COVID-19, o isolamento social, consequências na saúde mental e estratégias de enfrentamento: uma revisão integrativa. Research, Society and Development. 2020; 9: e652974548-e652974548.
  2. Cascella M, Rajnik M, Cuomo A, Dulebohn S, Di Napoli R. Features, Evaluation and Treatment Coronavirus (COVID-19). Island, Florida: StatPearls Publishing. 2020.
  3. Doremalen NV, Bushmaker T, Morris DH, Holbrook MG, Gamble A, Williamson BN, et al. Aerosol and Surface Stability of SARS-CoV-2 as Compared with SARS-CoV-1. N Engl J Med. 2020; 16: 1564-1567.
  4. WHO. Word Health Organization. Report of the WHO-China Joint Mission on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). China: Word Health Organization – The Joint Mission. 2020.
  5. Bezerra ACV. Fatores associados ao comportamento da população durante o isolamento social na pandemia de COVID-19. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva. 2020; 25: 2411-2421.
  6. Do Bú EA. Representações e ancoragens sociais do novo coronavírus e do tratamento da COVID-19 por brasileiros. Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas). 2020; 37.
  7. Pires RRC. Os efeitos sobre grupos sociais e territórios vulnerabilizados das medidas de enfrentamento à crise sanitária da COVID-19: propostas para o aperfeiçoamento da ação pública. 2020.
  8. Zhang Y, MA ZF. Impacto da pandemia de COVID-19 na saúde mental e na qualidade de vida entre os residentes locais na província de Liaoning, China: um estudo transversal. Revista Internacional de Pesquisa Ambiental e Saúde Pública. 2020; 17: 2381.
  9. Brooks SK, Webster RK, Smith SE, Woodland L, Wessely L, Greenberg N, et al. The psychological impact of quarantine and how to reduce it: rapid review of the evidence. The Lancet. 2020; 395: 912-920.
  10. Porreca W. Espiritualidade/religiosidade: possíveis companhias nos desafios pandêmicos - COVID-19. Caderno de Administração, Maringá. 2020; 28.
  11. Quelho TC. Dimensões do cuidado na perspectiva da espiritualidade durante a pandemia pelo novo coronavírus (COVID-19). J Health NPEPS. 2020; 1: 1-4.
  12. Ambrósio DCM; Santos, Manoel Antônio dos. Apoio social à mulher mastectomizada: um estudo de revisão. Ciência & Saúde Coletiva. 2015; 20: 851-864.
  13. Santos FM, Bousso RS. O suporte social identificado pelo pai que vivencia a internação do recém-nascido e da mulher na unidade de terapia intensiva. Revista Mineira de Enfermagem. 2006; 4: 344-348.
  14. Sherbourne CD, Stewart AL. The MOS Social Support Survey. Social Science Medicine. 1991; 6: 705-714.
  15. Griep RH, Chor D, Faerstein E, Werneck GL, Lopes CS. Validade de constructo de escala de apoio social do Medical Outcomes Study adaptada para o português do Estudo Pró-Saúde. Cadernos de Saúde Pública. 2005; 23: 703-714.
  16. Zanini DS, Verolla-Moura A, Queiroz IPAR. Apoio social: Aspectos da validade de constructo em estudantes universitários. Psicologia em Estudo. 2009; 1: 195-202.
  17. Thoits PA. Stress, coping, and social support processes: where are we? What next? J Health Soc Behav. 1995; 1: 53-79.
  18. Minkler M. Building support i ve ties and sense of community among the inner-city elderl y: The Tenderloin Outreach Project. Health Ed ucational Quarterly. 1985; 1: 303-314.
  19. Lazarus RS, Folkman S. Stress, appraisal and coping. New York: Springer. 1984.
  20. Barrera JM. Distinctions between social support concepts, measure, and models. Am J Community Psychol. 1986; 4: 413-445.
  21. Due P, Holstein B, Lund R, Modvig J, Avlund K. Social relations: network, support and relational strain. Soc Sci Med. 1999; 5: 661- 673.
  22. Minkler M. Community organizing among the elderly poor in the United States: a case study. J Int Health Services. 1992; 1: 303-316.
  23. Gottlieb BH. Social Support Strategies. Beverly Hills: Sage Publications. 1983.
  24. Matta GC. Os impactos sociais da Covid-19 no Brasil: populações vulnerabilizadas e respostas à pandemia. Rio de Janeiro: FIOCRUZ, 2021.
  25. Neri AL, Vieira LAM. Envolvimento social e suporte social percebido na velhice. Rev. Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia. 2013; 3: 419- 432.
  26. Romero DE. Idosos no contexto da pandemia da COVID-19 no Brasil: efeitos nas condições de saúde, renda e trabalho. Cadernos de Saúde Pública. 2021; 37: 3.
  27. Tavares DMS. Distanciamento social pela COVID-19: rede de apoio social, atividades e sentimentos de idosos que moram só. Cogitare Enfermagem. 2022; 27: e78473.b
Received : 23 May 2023
Accepted : 11 May 2023
Published : 13 May 2023
Annals of Otolaryngology and Rhinology
ISSN : 2379-948X
Launched : 2014
JSM Schizophrenia
Launched : 2016
Journal of Nausea
Launched : 2020
JSM Internal Medicine
Launched : 2016
JSM Hepatitis
Launched : 2016
JSM Oro Facial Surgeries
ISSN : 2578-3211
Launched : 2016
Journal of Human Nutrition and Food Science
ISSN : 2333-6706
Launched : 2013
JSM Regenerative Medicine and Bioengineering
ISSN : 2379-0490
Launched : 2013
JSM Spine
ISSN : 2578-3181
Launched : 2016
Archives of Palliative Care
ISSN : 2573-1165
Launched : 2016
JSM Nutritional Disorders
ISSN : 2578-3203
Launched : 2017
Annals of Neurodegenerative Disorders
ISSN : 2476-2032
Launched : 2016
Journal of Fever
ISSN : 2641-7782
Launched : 2017
JSM Bone Marrow Research
ISSN : 2578-3351
Launched : 2016
JSM Mathematics and Statistics
ISSN : 2578-3173
Launched : 2014
Journal of Autoimmunity and Research
ISSN : 2573-1173
Launched : 2014
JSM Arthritis
ISSN : 2475-9155
Launched : 2016
JSM Head and Neck Cancer-Cases and Reviews
ISSN : 2573-1610
Launched : 2016
JSM General Surgery Cases and Images
ISSN : 2573-1564
Launched : 2016
JSM Anatomy and Physiology
ISSN : 2573-1262
Launched : 2016
JSM Dental Surgery
ISSN : 2573-1548
Launched : 2016
Annals of Emergency Surgery
ISSN : 2573-1017
Launched : 2016
Annals of Mens Health and Wellness
ISSN : 2641-7707
Launched : 2017
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Health Care
ISSN : 2576-0084
Launched : 2018
Journal of Chronic Diseases and Management
ISSN : 2573-1300
Launched : 2016
Annals of Vaccines and Immunization
ISSN : 2378-9379
Launched : 2014
JSM Heart Surgery Cases and Images
ISSN : 2578-3157
Launched : 2016
Annals of Reproductive Medicine and Treatment
ISSN : 2573-1092
Launched : 2016
JSM Brain Science
ISSN : 2573-1289
Launched : 2016
JSM Biomarkers
ISSN : 2578-3815
Launched : 2014
JSM Biology
ISSN : 2475-9392
Launched : 2016
Archives of Stem Cell and Research
ISSN : 2578-3580
Launched : 2014
Annals of Clinical and Medical Microbiology
ISSN : 2578-3629
Launched : 2014
JSM Pediatric Surgery
ISSN : 2578-3149
Launched : 2017
Journal of Memory Disorder and Rehabilitation
ISSN : 2578-319X
Launched : 2016
JSM Tropical Medicine and Research
ISSN : 2578-3165
Launched : 2016
JSM Head and Face Medicine
ISSN : 2578-3793
Launched : 2016
JSM Cardiothoracic Surgery
ISSN : 2573-1297
Launched : 2016
JSM Bone and Joint Diseases
ISSN : 2578-3351
Launched : 2017
JSM Bioavailability and Bioequivalence
ISSN : 2641-7812
Launched : 2017
JSM Atherosclerosis
ISSN : 2573-1270
Launched : 2016
Journal of Genitourinary Disorders
ISSN : 2641-7790
Launched : 2017
Journal of Fractures and Sprains
ISSN : 2578-3831
Launched : 2016
Journal of Autism and Epilepsy
ISSN : 2641-7774
Launched : 2016
Annals of Marine Biology and Research
ISSN : 2573-105X
Launched : 2014
JSM Health Education & Primary Health Care
ISSN : 2578-3777
Launched : 2016
JSM Communication Disorders
ISSN : 2578-3807
Launched : 2016
Annals of Musculoskeletal Disorders
ISSN : 2578-3599
Launched : 2016
Annals of Virology and Research
ISSN : 2573-1122
Launched : 2014
JSM Renal Medicine
ISSN : 2573-1637
Launched : 2016
Journal of Muscle Health
ISSN : 2578-3823
Launched : 2016
JSM Genetics and Genomics
ISSN : 2334-1823
Launched : 2013
JSM Anxiety and Depression
ISSN : 2475-9139
Launched : 2016
Clinical Journal of Heart Diseases
ISSN : 2641-7766
Launched : 2016
Annals of Medicinal Chemistry and Research
ISSN : 2378-9336
Launched : 2014
JSM Pain and Management
ISSN : 2578-3378
Launched : 2016
JSM Women's Health
ISSN : 2578-3696
Launched : 2016
Clinical Research in HIV or AIDS
ISSN : 2374-0094
Launched : 2013
Journal of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity
ISSN : 2333-6692
Launched : 2013
Journal of Substance Abuse and Alcoholism
ISSN : 2373-9363
Launched : 2013
JSM Neurosurgery and Spine
ISSN : 2373-9479
Launched : 2013
Journal of Liver and Clinical Research
ISSN : 2379-0830
Launched : 2014
Journal of Drug Design and Research
ISSN : 2379-089X
Launched : 2014
JSM Clinical Oncology and Research
ISSN : 2373-938X
Launched : 2013
JSM Bioinformatics, Genomics and Proteomics
ISSN : 2576-1102
Launched : 2014
JSM Chemistry
ISSN : 2334-1831
Launched : 2013
Journal of Trauma and Care
ISSN : 2573-1246
Launched : 2014
JSM Surgical Oncology and Research
ISSN : 2578-3688
Launched : 2016
Annals of Food Processing and Preservation
ISSN : 2573-1033
Launched : 2016
Journal of Radiology and Radiation Therapy
ISSN : 2333-7095
Launched : 2013
JSM Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
ISSN : 2578-3572
Launched : 2016
Annals of Clinical Pathology
ISSN : 2373-9282
Launched : 2013
Annals of Cardiovascular Diseases
ISSN : 2641-7731
Launched : 2016
Journal of Behavior
ISSN : 2576-0076
Launched : 2016
Annals of Clinical and Experimental Metabolism
ISSN : 2572-2492
Launched : 2016
Clinical Research in Infectious Diseases
ISSN : 2379-0636
Launched : 2013
JSM Microbiology
ISSN : 2333-6455
Launched : 2013
Journal of Urology and Research
ISSN : 2379-951X
Launched : 2014
Journal of Family Medicine and Community Health
ISSN : 2379-0547
Launched : 2013
Annals of Pregnancy and Care
ISSN : 2578-336X
Launched : 2017
JSM Cell and Developmental Biology
ISSN : 2379-061X
Launched : 2013
Annals of Aquaculture and Research
ISSN : 2379-0881
Launched : 2014
Clinical Research in Pulmonology
ISSN : 2333-6625
Launched : 2013
Journal of Immunology and Clinical Research
ISSN : 2333-6714
Launched : 2013
Annals of Forensic Research and Analysis
ISSN : 2378-9476
Launched : 2014
JSM Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN : 2333-7109
Launched : 2013
Annals of Breast Cancer Research
ISSN : 2641-7685
Launched : 2016
Annals of Gerontology and Geriatric Research
ISSN : 2378-9409
Launched : 2014
Journal of Sleep Medicine and Disorders
ISSN : 2379-0822
Launched : 2014
JSM Burns and Trauma
ISSN : 2475-9406
Launched : 2016
Chemical Engineering and Process Techniques
ISSN : 2333-6633
Launched : 2013
Annals of Clinical Cytology and Pathology
ISSN : 2475-9430
Launched : 2014
JSM Allergy and Asthma
ISSN : 2573-1254
Launched : 2016
Journal of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
ISSN : 2334-2307
Launched : 2013
Annals of Sports Medicine and Research
ISSN : 2379-0571
Launched : 2014
JSM Sexual Medicine
ISSN : 2578-3718
Launched : 2016
Annals of Vascular Medicine and Research
ISSN : 2378-9344
Launched : 2014
JSM Biotechnology and Biomedical Engineering
ISSN : 2333-7117
Launched : 2013
Journal of Hematology and Transfusion
ISSN : 2333-6684
Launched : 2013
JSM Environmental Science and Ecology
ISSN : 2333-7141
Launched : 2013
Journal of Cardiology and Clinical Research
ISSN : 2333-6676
Launched : 2013
JSM Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine
ISSN : 2334-1815
Launched : 2013
Journal of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders
ISSN : 2475-9473
Launched : 2016
JSM Ophthalmology
ISSN : 2333-6447
Launched : 2013
Journal of Pharmacology and Clinical Toxicology
ISSN : 2333-7079
Launched : 2013
Annals of Psychiatry and Mental Health
ISSN : 2374-0124
Launched : 2013
Medical Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
ISSN : 2333-6439
Launched : 2013
Annals of Pediatrics and Child Health
ISSN : 2373-9312
Launched : 2013
JSM Clinical Pharmaceutics
ISSN : 2379-9498
Launched : 2014
JSM Foot and Ankle
ISSN : 2475-9112
Launched : 2016
JSM Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementia
ISSN : 2378-9565
Launched : 2014
Journal of Addiction Medicine and Therapy
ISSN : 2333-665X
Launched : 2013
Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Research
ISSN : 2378-931X
Launched : 2013
Annals of Public Health and Research
ISSN : 2378-9328
Launched : 2014
Annals of Orthopedics and Rheumatology
ISSN : 2373-9290
Launched : 2013
Journal of Clinical Nephrology and Research
ISSN : 2379-0652
Launched : 2014
Annals of Community Medicine and Practice
ISSN : 2475-9465
Launched : 2014
Annals of Biometrics and Biostatistics
ISSN : 2374-0116
Launched : 2013
JSM Clinical Case Reports
ISSN : 2373-9819
Launched : 2013
Journal of Cancer Biology and Research
ISSN : 2373-9436
Launched : 2013
Journal of Surgery and Transplantation Science
ISSN : 2379-0911
Launched : 2013
Journal of Dermatology and Clinical Research
ISSN : 2373-9371
Launched : 2013
JSM Gastroenterology and Hepatology
ISSN : 2373-9487
Launched : 2013
JSM Dentistry
ISSN : 2333-7133
Launched : 2013
Author Information X