Annals of Food Processing and Preservation

Traditional Processing and Preservation of Wild Edible Mushrooms in Mexico

Review Article | Open Access

  • 1. Becario del Programa de Becas Posdoctorales en la UNAM, Centro de Investigaciones Multidisciplinarias sobre Chiapas y la Frontera Sur, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México
  • 2. Independent researcher, San Cristóbal de Las Casas, México
  • 3. Universidad Intercultural de Chiapas, México
  • 4. Instituto de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad de Ciencias y Artes de Chiapas, México
+ Show More - Show Less
Corresponding Authors
Ruan-Soto F, Becario del Programa de Becas Posdoctorales en la UNAM, Centro de Investigaciones Multidisciplinarias sobre Chiapas y la Frontera Sur, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Calle María Adelina Flores No. 34-A, Barrio Guadalupe. CP 29230, San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas, México

•    Ethnomycology
•    Ethnobiology
•    Traditional culinary
•    Drying


Wild edible mushrooms are relevant rural dietary resources during the rainy season across Mesoamerica. In Mexico 371 edible species have been recorded, along with vast traditional information that includes processing techniques specific to both the nature of the mushroom and the human groups that use them. This is a review of ethnomycological works in Mexico describing processing techniques to consume and preserve wild edible mushrooms. While recipes vary geographically, some patterns are discernible. In Mesoamerica, the “hot-cold” classification system dictates the proper ways to process food. Mushrooms are grouped differently in unrelated cultures, which influence how they are cooked. Additionally, physical and chemical features dictate pre-cooking treatments. Finally, the limited seasonality of mushrooms affects the way they are processed. While many may be “snacks” or prepared as plain dishes in the face of scarcity, some species are highly sought and specially prepared. This temporality has also motivated the development of preservation techniques to ensure off-season consumption. Preservation of wild edible mushrooms is mainly of two kinds in Mexico: drying and pickling. Despite the humidity of the season, drying is the most common of these and it is achieved mainly by hanging the specimens to be sundried or over a kitchen fire. Preserves are mostly self-consumed, but sometimes they are sold. The species selected for these processes are often the most appreciated for their flavor or for their market price. The processing of wild edible mushrooms is a reflection of the richness of Mexican Biocultural Diversity.


Ruan-Soto F, Ordaz-Velázquez M, García-Santiago W, Pérez-Ovando EC (2017) Traditional Processing and Preservation of Wild Edible Mushrooms in Mexico. Ann Food Process Preserv 2(1): 1013.


WEM: Wild Edible Mushrooms


Wild edible mushrooms (WEM) have historically been collected as food throughout the world and they still play an important part of rural alimentary strategies throughout the world during the rainy season [1]. Worldwide there are around 1000 species of WEM, which points to their relevance in rural resource use strategies [1].

Through the collection of mushrooms, people not only obtain high-quality alimentary resources, but also tradable goods for local markets. The nutritional value of mushrooms is frequently measured by its essential aminoacid index, which is comparable to that of corn, soybeans, or beans. Proteins are the third most important component in fungal fruit bodies, ranging from 5 to 49% of their dry weight; additionally, they contain carbohydrates that include dietary fiber, minerals like potassium and phosphorus, and soluble vitamins [1,2]. Furthermore, they are appreciated goods in markets, giving the family units dedicated to mushroom picking during the season a great source of income [1].

In Mexico, the tradition for wild mushroom consumption dates back to Pre-Hispanic times. Nowadays, around 371 different species of wild mushrooms are consumed (mostly by peasants and indigenous peoples) in this country [3].

In order to make use of these resources, indigenous and rural people have historically accumulated and transmitted deep knowledge of the seasonality, ecology, morphology, and general biology of the mushrooms in their environments [4].

This knowledge includes the very important aspects of processing for consumption. In general, in Mexico and Mesoamerica mushrooms are consumed fresh but, being a resource that has a very limited seasonality, traditional strategies have been developed to preserve them beyond this season.

This manuscript presents a review of the traditional ways in which Mexican rural and indigenous societies have developed techniques for the cooking and preservation of WEM, reproducing historically transmitted and refined traditional mycological knowledge to do so.

Processing WEM for immediate consumption

In addition to the richness of species consumed by Mexican peoples, there exists richness in the way wild edible mushrooms are prepared for consumption.

In order to cook mushrooms, they must first be rinsed with water to rid them of dirt, putrid residue, or other unwanted matter. During their cleaning, each carpophore is verified as edible, thus avoiding poisoning [5,6]. Although people are often unaware of the chemical components of mushrooms, they carry out different practices and processes before cooking some species. These practices are frequently destined to improve the flavor of the dish and extract certain substances perceived as noxious for their bodies

Depending on the human group and the species of mushroom in question, the “feet” or stipes can be included or discarded, as can the epicutis or “skin” from the pileus [7]. Certain species, such as Amanita rubescens, Boletus edulis, and various Suillus species are consumed only after the cuticle of the pileus is peeled because this tissue can convey a slightly bitter flavor. In the case of Tylopilusfelleus, Turbinellusfloccosus, and Russuladelica the epicutis from the pileus, the stipe, the vains, scales, and lamellae respectively, are discarded [5,8-11]. Similarly, after Amanita sect. caesarea specimens are broiled, some people have been reported to rinse the mushrooms again to get rid of a “yellow substance” that can cause vomit when it is eaten in excess [5].

Some species require repeated boiling before being cooked. This can be due to their consistency or to their chemical composition, either perceived or real. Different species of Pleurotus and Ramaria are boiled once or twice before cooking, discarding the first batch of water to get rid of both bitterness and chewiness in western and central Mexico [12,13].

Across Mesoamerica, cooking techniques for mushrooms depend on the properties assigned to food beyond intrinsic features, namely those related to the worldviews of different peoples. For instance, Zapotecs from southern Mexico consider food prepared with mushrooms to be “cold”. This quality is related to the places and season (rains) in which these organisms grow [14]. Contrastingly, some Tseltal communities in the southeastern state of Chiapas consider mushrooms to be “hot” food which is easily digested [15]. This hot-cold quality in foods is widespread across peoples from Mexico and Central America and it is a reflection of the duality in the worldview of Mesoamerican peoples in general [16]. A consequence for WEM processing is that they are cooked in diverse forms and sometimes raw, depending on their placement within this classification system.

Of course, physical features are also taken into consideration when choosing a processing technique for mushrooms in general or specific “groups”. Thus “softer” mushrooms will be eligible for some recipes, while “coarse” or “chewy” species will receive different treatments before being cooked [13]. 

There are some general cooking techniques across the country, but some species may be used in the preparation of special dishes. Mushrooms can be roasted over a comal (a large cast-iron pan), made into broth, soups, creams, pasties, memelas (thick corn tortillas folded and cooked on a comal), quesadillas, fried in stews, in atole (a maize-based traditional drink), or as a complement to other food. Frequently, WEM are cooked along with meats or vegetables and seasoned with typical spices from Mexican cuisine such as: peppers (Capsicum annuum L.), epazote (Dysphaniaambrosioides L.), hojasanta (Piper auritumKunth), peppermint (Menthaspicata L.), maize (Zea mays), beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L), and nopal (Opuntiaficus-indica (L.) Miller) [5,7,11,14,18,19].

Some recipes depend on the quantity of carpophores that are picked, the species that are found at one time, the degree of mycophilia in a culture, and other aspects. The preparation method for Agaricuscampestris, for example, is based on the quantity that is picked. When few mushrooms are obtained, they can be roasted and made into quesadillas or pasties. However, when they are picked in larger quantities, they can be the main ingredients of special dishes like “Amarillo” (a kind of mole). Mole Amarillo is a typical dish from the southern state of Oaxaca; it is prepared with ground yellow corn and scented with bell pepper (Capsicum annum L.), clove (Syzygiumaromaticum L.) and hojasanta (P. auritum Kunth). Although other species can be prepared this way, mushrooms are never mixed for this dish since each species requires a different cooking time and conveys a different final taste [5]. Similarly, Amanita sect.caesarea is reported not to be mixed with other mushrooms so that its flavor can be appreciated [13].

There are special ways to prepare certain species, such as Ustilagomaydis. This species is prepared boiled with sugar, for example [8], or as “agua de pastor” (shepherd’s water) mixed with green peppers, onion, coriander, water, and salt. This last recipe is an important meal before leaving to work the fields [14].

If mushrooms are consumed raw, they are generally sliced or threaded and they are eaten by themselves or with tortillas. Some species, like Melanogaster umbrinigleba, Clavariadelphustruncatus, Rhizopogonsp., and Calostomacinnabarina can also be eaten as snacks [7]. Among certain groups, such as the Nahua from central Mexico, WEM are thought to be inedible and even toxic when they are raw due to their “coldness” [8,10]. Similarly, a Mestizo (non-indigenous) community in the Lacandon Rainforest in southeastern Mexico considers consumption of raw mushrooms to cause harm [20].

While WEM are mostly cooked within family units for meals, some are cooked specifically for sale or instead are sold along with all the ingredients necessary for special recipes [21,22].

Wild edible mushroom preservation

Two forms of traditional wild mushroom preservation techniques among Mexican peoples have been reported: drying and, less importantly, pickling [7]. Very few studies mention other forms of preservation such as freezing or canning [11]. Most wild edible mushrooms are reported to be consumed fresh throughout geographical regions and ethnicities in Mexico [11,18,20,23,24].

While mushroom preservation has seldom been studied in detail among rural people in Mexico, it has been reported as important among groups inhabiting the Central part of the country. For instance, drying is practiced by up to 79 and 78% of the people in two Otomi-Mestizo communities in Estado de Mexico [9].

Drying is in fact an important preservation technique for the long-term storage of different basic foods among rural people in Mexico. Given that mushrooms appear during the most humid part of the year, their preservation by drying requires special care and dedication; risk of spoilage is very high [7]. Moreover, in Mexico’s tropic and in the highlands of the southeast, some people eat WEM mostly when basic or preferred foods, such as maize, are scarce. Furthermore, they are linked to social representations of poverty [20,25]. In this context, the concept of “emergency food” that Fidalgo [26] coined may be applicable to WEM in certain regions of the country, which makes preservation in these environments a rare occurrence.

The ready availability of WEM during the rainy season, along with widely spread social convention that these resources are common rights in forest land, can contribute to their under appreciation. Even among mycophilic societies, such as the Nahua from Morelos, certain species like Suilluspunctipes are considered “less desirable food” [8]. Contrastingly, many human groups from central Mexico and the southern state of Oaxaca view mushrooms as “special seasonal foods” and even delicacies or economically depend on their collection during the season [10,13,22]. Thus, it is far more common for preservation techniques to be practiced in the temperate forests of these areas, where mushroom species are larger and often appreciated as part of special dishes or where these are sold and preservation represents higher market prices [10,11,27]. Only where commercial chains of importance exist are these processes carried out in a bigger scale [10].

Drying of mushrooms is a common practice in central Mexico, although it is also reported in northern and southern parts of the country. Groups as diverse as Mixtecs from southern Oaxaca, Otomi from central Mexico, Raramuri from northern Mexico, and Mestizos (non-indigenous groups) keep mushrooms beyond the rainy season by drying them [5,9,24,27].

Although in his world review Boa [1] points out that mushrooms are pickled only in Asia, in Mesoamerica preserves are also made, albeit mainly for self-consumption. This practice has been reported in both central and northern Mexico among indigenous and mestizo groups [24,28]. Among the Tarahumara, previously boiled crystal jars are used to contain the pickled mushrooms in order to prevent them from spoiling and even, sometimes, sell those [24].

As is the case with freshly consumed mushrooms, some previous preparation is sometimes needed to process mushrooms for drying. Sometimes, the stipes, lamellae, or epicutis of a mushroom is discarded previous to initiating this process [7,9]. The reasons behind this selective drying seem to respond to flavor perceptions and no studies report these practices to be related to drying efficiency. Regarding this aspect, there is mention of slicing of the larger fleshy species in order to shorten the drying time [9].

Another preparation step for drying WEM is threading them in a string. This way, they are manageable and can be easily hung during the process. Some species are simply sliced to be sundried [10].

Drying is done mainly in warm areas such as the kitchen, near the stove or fireplace. These are used as heat sources and often drying is completed in the sun [7]. Elsewhere mushrooms are dried using solely the energy and heat from the sun [9]. If this is the case, the mushrooms will hang in a well ventilated area where the sun can reach them for several days. Otherwise, they can be set down on a petate (woven dry-palm mat) or other surface to be dried [29].

In order to consume dried mushrooms they are simply rehydrated, sometimes previously washed, and strained [9,27]. The specimens are said to keep their flavor mostly intact after this process [29].

Regarding the reasons behind WEM preservation, some selected species are kept beyond the rainy season exclusively for self consumption. Many times these are the most appreciated species because of their flavor. In Tlaxcala, mushrooms are said to be dried “para el antojo” (for cravings). The Raramuri in northern Mexico seem to preserve mushrooms mostly for this purpose, either dried or pickled. Additionally, preserved WEM serve as high-price tradable goods during winter or Easter [24].

Some of the most valued species may also be preserved exclusively for sale. Such is the case among Nahua people in central Mexico and Zapotecs in southern Mexico [10]. While short-term preservation for sale is achieved simply by refrigerating WEM in bags with holes that allow for ventilation [29], in order to be sold at high prices, the mushrooms must be recently harvested and properly dried, so the technique for doing this at bigger scales is greatly valued among societies with a big WEM picking tradition. A small-scale option for unsold mushrooms is practiced among Nahua groups, who store mushrooms that have not been sold at the end of the season by drying them [10].

There have been reports of companies influencing both the recollection and preservation of certain species [22,24]. Pina de Mexico S. de R.L. advertised photographs of several species in northern Mexico, offering people training in collection and preservation techniques for those interested in selling those species to them [24]. A similar situation happened in Oaxaca, where Japanese buyers offered up to a week’s salary per kilogram of Tricholomamagnivel are [22].

Not all mushrooms species are preserved. The water content of several of them is particularly high, making them bad candidates for traditional drying techniques. As is pointed out above, this can be avoided for some of the larger species with slicing [9]. Furthermore, the processing of mushrooms requires some dedication, which makes the group of species selected for this processes quite reduced in many cases.

Otomi and Mestizo communities in Estado de Mexico keep Russulabrevipes, Hypomyceslactifluorum, Ramariaspp., Lyophyllumdecastes, Marasmiusoreadesy Agaricuscampestris dry for off-season consumption [9]. While the Nahua dry Boletus pinophilus, Morchellaelata, Morchellaesculenta, Cantharelluscibarius, and Helvellaspp, as well as Russuladelica, Gomphusfloccosus, Lyophyllumdecastes, and Ramariaspp., although less frequently [10].

Contrastingly, among the Tepehuan from central-northern Mexico from 15 used WEM only two Pleurotus species are sundried to be stored, while in Veracruz only the mushrooms locally named escobetaor pechuga (Clavariaaurea and Ramaria botrytis) are tied up for storage [23,30].

Amanita sect. caesareais one of the most appreciated groups of edible wild species in coniferous forest environments. Among the northern Raramuri it is the only sold species, mostly fresh and “occasionally preserved” [24]. Similarly, organized peasant groups in the state of Oaxaca have currently begun to create small community companies dedicated to the dehydration of mushrooms (mainly Amanita sect. caesarea) and their sale in urban areas at relatively high prices.

Similarly, Schizophyllum commune, one of the most appreciated species in tropical areas worldwide, is dried in the southern state of Oaxaca [29].

There appears to be a limited amount of reported information on the techniques for preserving mushrooms in Mesoamerica. In some cases, it has been reported that such techniques are kept “secret” even between members of a community [28]. Where mushrooms are sold to intermediaries or directly in markets, this may be due to the high price that can be obtained from preserved mushrooms. Maintaining the secret can ensure a limited competition in this market.

Some preservation techniques involving fruit drying machines or other forms of technology have been reported. In the case of the Raramuri in northern Mexico, these techniques were introduced by a company targeting some of the local wild edible mushrooms for international markets [24]. In Central Mexico, a limited amount of men have learned to dry the high-price mushroom Morchellaesculenta; this species has been observed by the authors to be sold at a price of over $27 USD/ Kg in Mexico City. A man from the community where this was reported tells that he learned the drying technique from an Italian man who sold him the materials for this process [28].



Mexican culinary is an important expression of the Biocultural Heritage of the diverse peoples of this county. It combines aspects of traditions, the richness of species within diverse environments, and empirical knowledge of the features of the used species, as well as specific traditional techniques for their transformation.

This can be appreciated in the diversity of cooking techniques for WEM, which respond to the specific features of the consumed species as well as features that are culturally imposed over them.

While mushroom preservation is reported to be of certain importance among geographically spread groups, it is mainly focused on off-season household consumption. The potential for their inclusion in larger-scale commerce is wide with mycophilic societies spread all across the country and in other wider markets. However, in reality this is a limited strategy and experiences of community companies drying mushrooms in a large scale are still scarce.


The first autor thanks the Programa de Becas Posdoctorales en la UNAM in the Centro de Investigaciones Multidisciplinarias sobre Chiapas y la Frontera Sur, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México advised by Dr. Jaime Tomás Page Pliego.


1. Boa E. Wild Edible Fungi: A global overview of their use and importance to people. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. 2004.

2. Ruan-Soto F, Ordaz-Velázquez M. Aproximaciones a la etnomicología maya. Pueblos y Fronteras. 2015; 10: 44-69.

3. Garibay-Orijel R, Ruan-Soto F. Listado de los hongos silvestres consumidos como alimento tradicional en México. En Moreno-Fuentes A, Garibay-Orijel R, editores. La etnomicología en México: estado del arte, México, Red de Etnoecología y Patrimonio Biocultural. México: CONACYT-Universidad Autónoma de Hidalgo- UNAM-Asociación Etnobiológica Mexicana, 2014; 99-120.

4. Montoya A, Hernandez-Totomoch O, Estrada-Torres A, Kong A, Caballero J. Traditional knowledge about mushrooms in a Nahua community in the state of Tlaxcala, Mexico. Mycologia. 2003; 95: 793- 806.

5. Hernández SF, Pérez MJ, Xoconostle CB, Almaraz SJJ, Ojeda TE, Mata M de O G, et al. Traditional knowledge and use of wild mushrooms by Mixtecs or Ñuusavi, the people of the rain, from South eastern México. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2016; 12: 35.

6. Ruan-Soto F, Cifuentes J, Mariaca-Méndez R, Limón-Aguirre F, PérezRamírez L, Sierra-Galván S. Uso y manejo de hongos silvestres en dos comunidades de la Selva Lacandona. Chiapas, México. Rev Mex Mic. 2009; 29: 61-72.

7. Moreno FA. Un recurso alimentario de los grupos originarios y mestizos de México: Los hongos silvestres. Anales de Antropología. 2014; 48: 241-272.

8. De Ávila A, Welden AL, Guzmán G. Notes on the ethnomycology of Hueyapan, Morelos, Mexico. J Ethnopharmacol. 1980; 2: 311-321.

9. Estrada-Torres A, Aroche RM. Acervo etnomicológico en tres localidades del municipio de Acambay, Estado de México. Rev Mex Mic. 1987; 3: 109-131.

10. Montoya A, Estrada-Torres A, Caballero J. Comparative Ethnomycological survey of three localities from La Malinche Volcano, Mexico. J Ethnobiol. 2002; 22: 103-131.

11. Quiñónez-Martínez M, Ruan-Soto F, Aguilar-Moreno IE, Garza-Ocañas F, Lebgue-Keleng T, Lavín-Murcio P A, et al. Knowledge and use of edible mushrooms in two municipalities of the Sierra Tarahumara, Chihuahua, Mexico. J Ethnobio and Ethnomed. 2014; 10: 67.

12. Villaseñor-Ibarra L. Etnomicología de la etnia Wirrárixa (Huichola), Jalisco, México [dissertation]. Guadalajara (Jalisco): Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Biológicas y Agropecuarias. 1999.

13. Estrada-Martínez E. Estudio Etnomicológico de los hongos comestibles en la Sierra Nevada [dissertation]. México, D.F.: Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, Unidad Xochimilco. 2011.

14. Venegas RY. Etnomicología Zapoteca de San Pedro Mixtepec, Sierra Sur de Oaxaca, México [dissertation]. El Colegio de la Frontera Sur Unidad San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas. 2013.

15. García-Santiago W. Hongos silvestres comestibles: su papel en los esquemas alimentarios de los pobladores de Oxchuc Chiapas, México.[tesis]. El Colegio de la Frontera Sur Unidad San Cristóbal de Las Casas, Chiapas. 2014. 

16. López-Austin A. Los mitos del tlacuache. Caminos de la mitología mesoamericana. México D.F. Alianza Editorial. 1990; 499-539.

17. Lampman MA. Ethnomycology: Medicinal an edible mushromm of the Tseltal Maya of Chiapas, México. Int J Med Mushr. 2007; 9: 1-5.

18. Bandala VM, Montoya L, Villegas R, Cabrera TG, Gutiérrez MJ, Acero T. Nangañaña (Tremelloscypha Gelatinosa, Sebacinaceae), hongo silvestre comestible del Bosque Tropical Deciduo en la Depresión Central de Chiapas, México. Acta Botanica Mexicana. 2014; 106: 149- 160.

19. Jiimenez-Peña, LR. Acervo etnomicológico en tres poblados de la delegación de Xochimilco, Distrito Federal: Santiago Tepalcatlalpan, Santa Cruz Xochitepec y Santa María Tepepan. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México México, D.F. 1992.

20. Ruan-Soto F, Mariaca R, Cifuentes J, Limón F, Pérez-Ramírez L, SierraGalván S. Nomenclatura, clasificación y percepciones locales acerca de los hongos en dos comunidades de la Selva Lacandona, Chiapas, México. Etnobiología. 2007; 5: 1-20.

21. Ruan-Soto F, Garibay-Orijel R, Cifuentes J. Conocimiento micológico tradicional en la planicie costera del Golfo de México. Revista Mexicana de Micología. 2004; 19: 57-70.

22. Garibay-Orijel R, Cifuentes J, Estrada-Torres A, Caballero J. People using macro-fungal diversity in Oaxaca, Mexico. Fungal Div. 2006; 21: 41-67.

23. González-Elizondo M. Ethnobotany of the Southern Tepehuan of Durango, Mexico I: Edible Mushrooms. Ethnobiol. 1991; 11: 165-173.

24. Moreno Fuentes A. Estudio Etnomicológico Comparativo entre Comunidades Rarámuris de la Alta Tarahumara, en el Estado de Chihuahua. [tesis de doctorado]. México, D.F.: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. 2002.

25. Mariaca-Méndez R, Ruan-Soto F, Cano-Contreras EJ. Conocimiento tradicional de Ustilagomaydis en cuatro grupos mayenses del Sureste de México. Etnobiología. 2008; 6: 9-23.

26. Fidalgo O. Conocimiento micológico dos indios brasileiros. Rickia. 1965; 2: 1-10.

27. .Mariaca-Méndez R, Silva-Pérez LC, Castaños-Montes CA. Proceso de recolección y comercialización de hongos comestibles silvestres en el Valle de Toluca, México. CIENCIA ergo sum. 2001; 8: 30-40.

28. Rodríguez-Muñoz G, Zapata-Martelo E, Rodríguez M de las N, Vázquez-García V, Martínez-Corona B, Vizcarra-Bordi I. Traditional Knowledge, Access, Use, and Transformation of Wild Edible Fungi in Santa Catarina del Monte, Estado de México. agric soc desarro. 2012; 9: 191-207.

29. Sandoval-Porras JA. Etnomicologìa en los Mercados de Oaxaca, México. [dissertation]. Xoxocotlán (Oaxaca): Instituto Tecnológico del Valle de Oaxaca. 2007.

30. Jarvis MC, Miller AM, Sheahan J, Ploetz K, Ploetz J, Ready Watson R, et al. Edible Wild Mushrooms of the Cofre de Perote Region, Veracruz, Mexico: An Ethnomycological Study of Common Names and Uses. Econ Bot. 2004; 58: 111-115

Received : 21 Apr 2017
Accepted : 16 May 2017
Published : 18 May 2017
Annals of Otolaryngology and Rhinology
ISSN : 2379-948X
Launched : 2014
JSM Schizophrenia
Launched : 2016
Journal of Nausea
Launched : 2020
JSM Internal Medicine
Launched : 2016
JSM Hepatitis
Launched : 2016
JSM Oro Facial Surgeries
ISSN : 2578-3211
Launched : 2016
Journal of Human Nutrition and Food Science
ISSN : 2333-6706
Launched : 2013
JSM Regenerative Medicine and Bioengineering
ISSN : 2379-0490
Launched : 2013
JSM Spine
ISSN : 2578-3181
Launched : 2016
Archives of Palliative Care
ISSN : 2573-1165
Launched : 2016
JSM Nutritional Disorders
ISSN : 2578-3203
Launched : 2017
Annals of Neurodegenerative Disorders
ISSN : 2476-2032
Launched : 2016
Journal of Fever
ISSN : 2641-7782
Launched : 2017
JSM Bone Marrow Research
ISSN : 2578-3351
Launched : 2016
JSM Mathematics and Statistics
ISSN : 2578-3173
Launched : 2014
Journal of Autoimmunity and Research
ISSN : 2573-1173
Launched : 2014
JSM Arthritis
ISSN : 2475-9155
Launched : 2016
JSM Head and Neck Cancer-Cases and Reviews
ISSN : 2573-1610
Launched : 2016
JSM General Surgery Cases and Images
ISSN : 2573-1564
Launched : 2016
JSM Anatomy and Physiology
ISSN : 2573-1262
Launched : 2016
JSM Dental Surgery
ISSN : 2573-1548
Launched : 2016
Annals of Emergency Surgery
ISSN : 2573-1017
Launched : 2016
Annals of Mens Health and Wellness
ISSN : 2641-7707
Launched : 2017
Journal of Preventive Medicine and Health Care
ISSN : 2576-0084
Launched : 2018
Journal of Chronic Diseases and Management
ISSN : 2573-1300
Launched : 2016
Annals of Vaccines and Immunization
ISSN : 2378-9379
Launched : 2014
JSM Heart Surgery Cases and Images
ISSN : 2578-3157
Launched : 2016
Annals of Reproductive Medicine and Treatment
ISSN : 2573-1092
Launched : 2016
JSM Brain Science
ISSN : 2573-1289
Launched : 2016
JSM Biomarkers
ISSN : 2578-3815
Launched : 2014
JSM Biology
ISSN : 2475-9392
Launched : 2016
Archives of Stem Cell and Research
ISSN : 2578-3580
Launched : 2014
Annals of Clinical and Medical Microbiology
ISSN : 2578-3629
Launched : 2014
JSM Pediatric Surgery
ISSN : 2578-3149
Launched : 2017
Journal of Memory Disorder and Rehabilitation
ISSN : 2578-319X
Launched : 2016
JSM Tropical Medicine and Research
ISSN : 2578-3165
Launched : 2016
JSM Head and Face Medicine
ISSN : 2578-3793
Launched : 2016
JSM Cardiothoracic Surgery
ISSN : 2573-1297
Launched : 2016
JSM Bone and Joint Diseases
ISSN : 2578-3351
Launched : 2017
JSM Bioavailability and Bioequivalence
ISSN : 2641-7812
Launched : 2017
JSM Atherosclerosis
ISSN : 2573-1270
Launched : 2016
Journal of Genitourinary Disorders
ISSN : 2641-7790
Launched : 2017
Journal of Fractures and Sprains
ISSN : 2578-3831
Launched : 2016
Journal of Autism and Epilepsy
ISSN : 2641-7774
Launched : 2016
Annals of Marine Biology and Research
ISSN : 2573-105X
Launched : 2014
JSM Health Education & Primary Health Care
ISSN : 2578-3777
Launched : 2016
JSM Communication Disorders
ISSN : 2578-3807
Launched : 2016
Annals of Musculoskeletal Disorders
ISSN : 2578-3599
Launched : 2016
Annals of Virology and Research
ISSN : 2573-1122
Launched : 2014
JSM Renal Medicine
ISSN : 2573-1637
Launched : 2016
Journal of Muscle Health
ISSN : 2578-3823
Launched : 2016
JSM Genetics and Genomics
ISSN : 2334-1823
Launched : 2013
JSM Anxiety and Depression
ISSN : 2475-9139
Launched : 2016
Clinical Journal of Heart Diseases
ISSN : 2641-7766
Launched : 2016
Annals of Medicinal Chemistry and Research
ISSN : 2378-9336
Launched : 2014
JSM Pain and Management
ISSN : 2578-3378
Launched : 2016
JSM Women's Health
ISSN : 2578-3696
Launched : 2016
Clinical Research in HIV or AIDS
ISSN : 2374-0094
Launched : 2013
Journal of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity
ISSN : 2333-6692
Launched : 2013
Journal of Substance Abuse and Alcoholism
ISSN : 2373-9363
Launched : 2013
JSM Neurosurgery and Spine
ISSN : 2373-9479
Launched : 2013
Journal of Liver and Clinical Research
ISSN : 2379-0830
Launched : 2014
Journal of Drug Design and Research
ISSN : 2379-089X
Launched : 2014
JSM Clinical Oncology and Research
ISSN : 2373-938X
Launched : 2013
JSM Bioinformatics, Genomics and Proteomics
ISSN : 2576-1102
Launched : 2014
JSM Chemistry
ISSN : 2334-1831
Launched : 2013
Journal of Trauma and Care
ISSN : 2573-1246
Launched : 2014
JSM Surgical Oncology and Research
ISSN : 2578-3688
Launched : 2016
Journal of Radiology and Radiation Therapy
ISSN : 2333-7095
Launched : 2013
JSM Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
ISSN : 2578-3572
Launched : 2016
Annals of Clinical Pathology
ISSN : 2373-9282
Launched : 2013
Annals of Cardiovascular Diseases
ISSN : 2641-7731
Launched : 2016
Journal of Behavior
ISSN : 2576-0076
Launched : 2016
Annals of Clinical and Experimental Metabolism
ISSN : 2572-2492
Launched : 2016
Clinical Research in Infectious Diseases
ISSN : 2379-0636
Launched : 2013
JSM Microbiology
ISSN : 2333-6455
Launched : 2013
Journal of Urology and Research
ISSN : 2379-951X
Launched : 2014
Journal of Family Medicine and Community Health
ISSN : 2379-0547
Launched : 2013
Annals of Pregnancy and Care
ISSN : 2578-336X
Launched : 2017
JSM Cell and Developmental Biology
ISSN : 2379-061X
Launched : 2013
Annals of Aquaculture and Research
ISSN : 2379-0881
Launched : 2014
Clinical Research in Pulmonology
ISSN : 2333-6625
Launched : 2013
Journal of Immunology and Clinical Research
ISSN : 2333-6714
Launched : 2013
Annals of Forensic Research and Analysis
ISSN : 2378-9476
Launched : 2014
JSM Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
ISSN : 2333-7109
Launched : 2013
Annals of Breast Cancer Research
ISSN : 2641-7685
Launched : 2016
Annals of Gerontology and Geriatric Research
ISSN : 2378-9409
Launched : 2014
Journal of Sleep Medicine and Disorders
ISSN : 2379-0822
Launched : 2014
JSM Burns and Trauma
ISSN : 2475-9406
Launched : 2016
Chemical Engineering and Process Techniques
ISSN : 2333-6633
Launched : 2013
Annals of Clinical Cytology and Pathology
ISSN : 2475-9430
Launched : 2014
JSM Allergy and Asthma
ISSN : 2573-1254
Launched : 2016
Journal of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
ISSN : 2334-2307
Launched : 2013
Annals of Sports Medicine and Research
ISSN : 2379-0571
Launched : 2014
JSM Sexual Medicine
ISSN : 2578-3718
Launched : 2016
Annals of Vascular Medicine and Research
ISSN : 2378-9344
Launched : 2014
JSM Biotechnology and Biomedical Engineering
ISSN : 2333-7117
Launched : 2013
Journal of Hematology and Transfusion
ISSN : 2333-6684
Launched : 2013
JSM Environmental Science and Ecology
ISSN : 2333-7141
Launched : 2013
Journal of Cardiology and Clinical Research
ISSN : 2333-6676
Launched : 2013
JSM Nanotechnology and Nanomedicine
ISSN : 2334-1815
Launched : 2013
Journal of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders
ISSN : 2475-9473
Launched : 2016
JSM Ophthalmology
ISSN : 2333-6447
Launched : 2013
Journal of Pharmacology and Clinical Toxicology
ISSN : 2333-7079
Launched : 2013
Annals of Psychiatry and Mental Health
ISSN : 2374-0124
Launched : 2013
Medical Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
ISSN : 2333-6439
Launched : 2013
Annals of Pediatrics and Child Health
ISSN : 2373-9312
Launched : 2013
JSM Clinical Pharmaceutics
ISSN : 2379-9498
Launched : 2014
JSM Foot and Ankle
ISSN : 2475-9112
Launched : 2016
JSM Alzheimer's Disease and Related Dementia
ISSN : 2378-9565
Launched : 2014
Journal of Addiction Medicine and Therapy
ISSN : 2333-665X
Launched : 2013
Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Research
ISSN : 2378-931X
Launched : 2013
Annals of Public Health and Research
ISSN : 2378-9328
Launched : 2014
Annals of Orthopedics and Rheumatology
ISSN : 2373-9290
Launched : 2013
Journal of Clinical Nephrology and Research
ISSN : 2379-0652
Launched : 2014
Annals of Community Medicine and Practice
ISSN : 2475-9465
Launched : 2014
Annals of Biometrics and Biostatistics
ISSN : 2374-0116
Launched : 2013
JSM Clinical Case Reports
ISSN : 2373-9819
Launched : 2013
Journal of Cancer Biology and Research
ISSN : 2373-9436
Launched : 2013
Journal of Surgery and Transplantation Science
ISSN : 2379-0911
Launched : 2013
Journal of Dermatology and Clinical Research
ISSN : 2373-9371
Launched : 2013
JSM Gastroenterology and Hepatology
ISSN : 2373-9487
Launched : 2013
Annals of Nursing and Practice
ISSN : 2379-9501
Launched : 2014
JSM Dentistry
ISSN : 2333-7133
Launched : 2013
Author Information X